Environmental policy decisions are often translated into environmental legislation and other regulations. Protection of the environment is regulated at the national, European and international levels. Examples are the Circular Economy Act and Renewable Energy Sources Act in Germany, the EU Ecodesign Directive and the Council of Europe Landscape Convention in the European context, and the Paris Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity at international level. But regardless of the level at which it operates or the aspects of the environment that it addresses, the legislation must respond to social and technological developments, adapt to new risks and environmental problems, and take account of changing needs and technologies – such as innovative biotech processes.
The Oeko-Institut works on environmental law at various levels. For example, its researchers support the transposition of EU directives into German law and advise policy-makers at various levels on sustainable environmental policy content and strategies and on effective management of transformation processes such as digitalisation and the energy and mobility transitions.