At the Paris climate negotiations in 2015, the international community pledged to pursue efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels. A radical transformation of the global energy supply, away from fossil fuels and towards renewable energies, is a key step in meeting this ambition. At other climate conferences, clear rules were and are being negotiated on the accounting and reporting of emissions, along with policies and actions for reducing them. Distribution issues also feature on the global climate agenda: where can emissions be reduced most cost-effectively, which adaptation measures should be taken, what kind of financial transfers are necessary, and how can justice be served?
Researchers from the Oeko-Institut are part of the German and EU delegations at the climate conferences and make direct contributions on the issues of reporting, flexible market mechanisms and international aviation and shipping. They produce studies and analyses on aspects of the conferences, monitor the negotiations and suggest improvements in individual topic areas.