Consumption and sufficiency

[Translate to English:] © plainpicture / Maskot

The current production and consumption patterns in industrialised countries are not sustainable: our energy and resource consumption and greenhouse gas emissions are too high, we produce too much waste, and we are destroying the natural ecosystems on which our lives depend. However, there are many promising strategies that would enable us to switch to more sustainable consumption while avoiding overexploitation of resources and making use of renewable raw materials. Regulations that aim to increase energy efficiency, innovative and sustainably produced goods, labels that guide consumers towards sustainable consumption options, and modification of our consumption patterns all have a role to play here. In particular, a shift in mindset towards reduced but more conscious consumption would help us to respect the Earth’s ecological limits.

Efficiency, consistency and sufficiency – the Oeko-Institut’s researchers investigate all three strands of sustainable consumption. They devise methodologies for the assessment of eco-friendly products and services and support the development of sustainability criteria. They also produce strategies that policy-makers can use to initiate and promote sustainable behaviour, and they analyse potential policy instruments in terms of their effectiveness, efficiency, distribution effects and acceptance.


  • The CO2 footprint of our digital lifestyle

    The CO2 footprint of our digital lifestyle

    Image 04/27/2020
    What are the CO2 emissions of a Google search? In response to this popular question a researcher at the Oeko-Institut set out to calculate how digitalisation affects the climate – or at least illustrate the scale of the issue.