Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Ex-post investigation of cost pass-through in the EU ETS - an analysis for six industry sectors

authors: Cludius, J. | de Bruyn, S. | Schumacher, K. | Vergeer, R.
Year of publication: 09 / 2020

In the discussion on the potential risk of carbon leakage related to the EU ETS and the effect of safeguard measures, the scope for passing through carbon costs into final product prices is considered a key issue. This study investigates…

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How to Raise Europe’s Climate Ambitions for 2030

Implementing a -55% Target in EU Policy Architecture

Year of publication: 08 / 2020

On 4 March 2020, the European Commission proposed a Climate Law setting out a legal framework to steer Europe towards the 2050 greenhouse gas-neutrality target. The Commission also announced that by September 2020 it will present a…

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The climate impact of forest and land management in the EU and the role of current reporting and accounting rules

An investigation into the incentives provided by LULUCF reporting and accounting and their implications - Briefing for ECF and Fern

authors: Böttcher, H. | Reise, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2020

The EU LULUCF Regulation considers, for the first time, a separate target for the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector. The sector is also supposed to contribute to the legally bind-ing target of net zero greenhouse gas…

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Environmental and socio-economic challenges in battery supply chains: graphite and lithium

Short study prepared within the framework of the BMBF joint project Fab4Lib

authors: Dolega, P. | Buchert, M. | Betz, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2020

The European Commission set a clear goal with the Green Deal to establish a transition towards a greener economy with the transport sector being one of the main pillars. A key ingredient are lithiumion batteries required for the uptake…

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Conversion Necessities in Climate and Energy System Modelling

authors: Emele, L. | Förster, H. | Glauer, M. | Hofmann, C. | Hülk, L. | Reder, K. | Stappel, M. | Winger, C.
Year of publication: 07 / 2020

With this briefing we provide definitions for units and metrics commonly used in climate and energy modelling. We provide this briefing, because in climate and energy system modelling,the same data can be represented using a diverse set…

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Improving international soil governance

Analysis and recommendations

authors: Bodle, R. | Stockhaus, H. | Wolff, F. | Scherf, C. | Oberthür, S.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

Soil protection is a neglected topic of environmental policy. This study develops options for the German government to improve international soil governance in the short, medium and long term. The study first takes stock of existing…

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Municipalities in focus: Evaluating the Local Authorities Guideline (LAG) within the National Climate Initiative (NCI) of Germany: challenges and findings

authors: Kenkmann, T. | Schumacher, K. | Eisenmann, L. | Muckenfuss, L. | Schmolck, B. | Zieger, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

Germany has approximately 11,000 municipalities which can make a significant contribution towards achieving national climate targets. The Local Authorities Guideline (LAG) of the German National Climate Initiative (NCI) has been…

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Assessment of the planned compensation payments for decommissioning German lignite power plants in the context of current developments

Year of publication: 06 / 2020

The electricity industry in Germany and Europe is in a state of upheaval. Due to the developments on the international markets for natural gas and hard coal, the politically driven expansion of power generation from renewable energy…

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Turning points for the ambition of European climate targets

Getting granular on the process and identifying cornerstones for discussion

authors: Gores, S. | Fallasch, F. | Siemons, A. | Nissen, C. | Duwe, M. | Evans, N.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

Climate policy in the European Union (EU) is undergoing a paradigm shift. At the time of writing, policy-makers are debating changes in targets, governance and instruments to fit (better) with the newly established overarching objective…

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Environmental Criticality of Raw Materials

An assessment of environmental hazard potentials of raw materials from mining and recommendations for an ecological raw materials policy

authors: Dehoust, G. | Manhart, A. | Dolega, P. | Vogt, R. | Kemper, L. | Auberger, A. | Becker, F. | Scholl, C. | Rechlin, A. | Priester, M.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

Within the project OekoRess II, more than 50 mineral raw materials were evaluated with regard to the environmental hazard potential of mining using and further refining the methodology developed in the predecessor project OekoRess I.

The…

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What makes a high-quality carbon credit?

Phase 1 of the “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” project: Definition of criteria for assessing the quality of carbon credits

authors: Schneider, L. | Healy, S. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US), Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and Oeko-Institut are developing a “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” to guide buyers of carbon credits amidst a complex market. The project is implemented in four phases:…

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Commodities that shape the world!

Guidance forsustainability in the value chains ofcotton, palm oil and timber

authors: Schleicher, T. | Hilbert, I. | Amera, T. | Ernah, . | Biloko, F.
Year of publication: 05 / 2020

Learnings, conclusions and recommendations of the “Bio-Macht” Project for companies and policy makers

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Practical strategies to avoid overselling

Final Report May 2020

authors: Kohli, A. | Füssler, J. | Broekhoff, D. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 05 / 2020

A fundamental difference in the context of Article 6 mechanisms compared to the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms is that, under the Paris Agreement, all countries have mitigation pledges – unlike the Kyoto Protocol where only the industrialized…

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Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis?

Year of publication: 05 / 2020

This paper analyses a recent proposal by the aviation industry to change the scheme in the light of the COVID-19 crisis. We find that the proposal delays climate action by the industry for several years and could reduce the overall…

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Decarbonization of on-road freight transport and the role of LNG from a German perspective

authors: Mottschall, M. | Kasten, P. | Rodríguez, F.
Year of publication: 05 / 2020

The use of trucks running on liquefied natural gas (LNG) instead of diesel is not a suitable measure for climate protection in road freight transport. Even in an optimistic scenario, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions of less than…

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Incentive Based Collection of E-Waste in Ghana

Findings from the pilot incentive system for waste cables from March 2018 to August 2019

authors: Manhart, A. | Akuffo, B. | Attafuah-Wadee, K. | Atiemo, S. | Batteiger, A. | Jacobs, J. | Osei, N.
Year of publication: 04 / 2020

In countries like Ghana, approaches to improve e-waste management depend on the involvement of the informal sector. In this context the Öko-Institut has developed and tested an incentive-based approach. It aims to encourage informal…

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Controversy! - Annual Report of the Oeko-Institut 2019

author: v. A.
Year of publication: 03 / 2020

Concepts for the enforcement of climate protection laws in the building sector including third parties

authors: Klinski, S. | Keimeyer, F. | Hesse, T. | Bürger, V. | Oschatz, B.
Year of publication: 03 / 2020

The research project contributes to the most effective implementation of the German Energy Saving Ordinance and Renewable Energies Heat Act by the German federal states – especially in light of the planned merger of the existing…

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Options for Improving the Emission Unit Eligibility Criteria under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation

Discussion Paper

authors: Broekhoff, D. | Schneider, L. | Tewari, R. | Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C.
Year of publication: 02 / 2020

This discussion paper assesses options for improving the current EUCs. Clearly articulated EUCs are needed to define minimum standards for the “quality” of carbon offset credits that may be used under CORSIA. High quality offset credits…

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Coal phase-out in Germany – Implications and policies for affected regions

authors: Oie, P. | Hermann, H. | Herpich, P. | Holtemöller, O. | Lünenbürger, B. | Schult, C.
Year of publication: 02 / 2020

The present study examines the consequences of the planned coal phase-out in Germany according to various phase-out pathways that differ in the ordering of power plant closures. Soft-linking an energy system model with an input-output…

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