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Assessment of the planned compensation payments for decommissioning German lignite power plants in the context of current developments
The electricity industry in Germany and Europe is in a state of upheaval. Due to the developments on the international markets for natural gas and hard coal, the politically driven expansion of power generation from renewable energy…
Turning points for the ambition of European climate targets
Getting granular on the process and identifying cornerstones for discussion
Climate policy in the European Union (EU) is undergoing a paradigm shift. At the time of writing, policy-makers are debating changes in targets, governance and instruments to fit (better) with the newly established overarching objective…
Environmental Criticality of Raw Materials
An assessment of environmental hazard potentials of raw materials from mining and recommendations for an ecological raw materials policy
Within the project OekoRess II, more than 50 mineral raw materials were evaluated with regard to the environmental hazard potential of mining using and further refining the methodology developed in the predecessor project OekoRess I.
What makes a high-quality carbon credit?
Phase 1 of the “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” project: Definition of criteria for assessing the quality of carbon credits
World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US), Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and Oeko-Institut are developing a “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” to guide buyers of carbon credits amidst a complex market. The project is implemented in four phases:…
National and EU freight transport strategies
Status quo and perspectives and implications for the introduction of electric road systems (ERS)
National and international freight transport in Europe is significantly influenced by both, national and the European Union (EU) strategies and regulations. The successful market launch of Electric Road Systems (ERS) can only succeed…
Commodities that shape the world!
Guidance for sustainability in the value chains of cotton, palm oil and timber
Learnings, conclusions and recommendations of the “Bio-Macht” Project for companies and policy makers.
The project aims at researching sustainability and power aspects in the value chains of the commodities palm oil, cotton, and timber…
Practical strategies to avoid overselling
Final Report May 2020
A fundamental difference in the context of Article 6 mechanisms compared to the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms is that, under the Paris Agreement, all countries have mitigation pledges – unlike the Kyoto Protocol where only the industrialized…
Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis?
This paper analyses a recent proposal by the aviation industry to change the scheme in the light of the COVID-19 crisis. We find that the proposal delays climate action by the industry for several years and could reduce the overall…
Decarbonization of on-road freight transport and the role of LNG from a German perspective
The use of trucks running on liquefied natural gas (LNG) instead of diesel is not a suitable measure for climate protection in road freight transport. Even in an optimistic scenario, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions of less than…
Incentive Based Collection of E-Waste in Ghana
Findings from the pilot incentive system for waste cables from March 2018 to August 2019
In countries like Ghana, approaches to improve e-waste management depend on the involvement of the informal sector. In this context the Öko-Institut has developed and tested an incentive-based approach. It aims to encourage informal…
The RE-SOURCING Common Approach
The inception report “The RE-SOURCING Common Approach” describes the project approachto responsible sourcing, project priorities & activities, stakeholder engagement and outlines the project scope and topical areas.
This publication is…
Just transition in the context of EU environmental policy and the European Green Deal
Issue Paper under Task 3 of the ‘Service contract on future EU environment policy’
The envisaged sustainability transitions are expected to substantially improve the state of our envi-ronment but also public health and the quality of peoples’ lives. Moreover, many economic sectors depend on ecosystem services and green…
Controversy! - Annual Report of the Oeko-Institut 2019
Concepts for the enforcement of climate protection laws in the building sector including third parties
The research project contributes to the most effective implementation of the German Energy Saving Ordinance and Renewable Energies Heat Act by the German federal states – especially in light of the planned merger of the existing…
Options for Improving the Emission Unit Eligibility Criteria under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation
This discussion paper assesses options for improving the current EUCs. Clearly articulated EUCs are needed to define minimum standards for the “quality” of carbon offset credits that may be used under CORSIA. High quality offset credits…
Coal phase-out in Germany – Implications and policies for affected regions
The present study examines the consequences of the planned coal phase-out in Germany according to various phase-out pathways that differ in the ordering of power plant closures. Soft-linking an energy system model with an input-output…
Product responsibility in e-commerce – regulatory options for the prevention of third country free-riders and of the destruction of returned goods
Input paper on the prevention of third country free-riders (Part I of the technical discussion)
Version for the technical discussion on 28.02.2020 (Status: 02.04.2020)
EU Industrial Future in a climate neutral Europe. The role of electricity, power-to-X and renewable H2
Input II on hydrogen and renewable gases
Presentation by Christoph Heinemann, "EU Industrial Future in a climate neutral Europe - The role of electricity, power-to-X and renewable H2" (Greens/EFA Group), 19.2.2020
Getting zero emission trucks on the road - From regional to long-haul
Comparing the costs and benefits of different technologies: A case study for Germany
Presentation by Florian Hacker, "Getting zero-emission trucks on the road", 19. February 19, 2020, Brussels