Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Design-for-recycling (D4R) – State of play

Year of publication: 07 / 2021

The GIZ is implementing a global project “Support of the Export Initiative for Green Technologies” as a contribution to solving key environmental problems on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU). The BMU Export…

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Considerations for packaging classification

Internal paper prepared for the Technical Working Groups of the CAP-SEA project in partner countries

Year of publication: 07 / 2021

The GIZ is implementing a global project “Support of the Export Initiative for Green Technologies” as a contribution to solving key environmental problems on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU). The BMU Export…

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Options for Strengthening Natural Carbon Sinks and Reducing Land Use Emissions in the EU

Working paper

authors: Böttcher, H. | Reise, J. | Zell-Ziegler, C. | Liste, V. | Frelih-Larsen, A. | Herb, I.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

This report provides an overview and assessment of seven options for sink enhancement and reduction of emissions in the EU land use sector and is targeted towards policymakers and EU policy stakeholder groups.

The publication has…

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Optimal supply chains and power sector benefits of green hydrogen

authors: Stöckl, F. | Schill, W. | Zerrahn, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

Green hydrogen can help to decarbonize parts of the transportation sector, but its power sector interactions are not well understood so far. It may contribute to integrating variable renewable energy sources if production is sufficiently…

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An open tool for creating battery-electric vehicle time series from empirical data, emobpy

authors: Gaete-Morales, C. | Kramer, H. | Schill, W. | Zerrahn, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

There is substantial research interest in how future fleets of battery-electric vehicles will interact with the power sector. Various types of energy models are used for respective analyses. they depend on meaningful input parameters, in…

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NDC Design

Systematic analysis

authors: de Villafranca Casas, M. | Höhne, N. | Mooldijk, S. | Smit, S. | Weishaupt, M. | Moosmann, L. | Siemons, A. | Fallasch, F.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

The Paris Agreement on climate change includes a five-year cycle to increase ambition for reaching the goals of the Paris Agreement. Part of this cycle is the submission of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which detail the…

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Integration of maritime transport in the EU Emissions Trading System

authors: Wissner, N. | Cames, M. | Defour, S. | Abbasov, F. | Armstrong, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

Maritime transport contributes 2-3% to global greenhouse gas emissions. It is, nevertheless, the only sector which is not yet subject to greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets and policies in the European Union (EU). It is imperative…

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Technical assistance for assessing options to establish an EU-wide green label with a view to promote the use of renewable energy coming from new installations

Final report under framework contract MOVE/ENER/SRD/498-2016 Lot 3

authors: Korteweg, L. | Stojanovic, T. | Schmidt, P. | Rademaekers, K. | Altmann, M. | Bürger, V. | Zerta, M. | Gleiter, T. | Wingenbach, M. | Dieroff, J. | Hennenberg, K. | Seebach, D. | Timpe, C. | Hermann, A. | Yearwood, J. | Smit, T.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

This report defines and assesses options to establish an EU-wide green label with a view to promote the use of renewable energy coming from new installations as required by Art. 19 (13) of the Renewable Energy Directive recast (EU)…

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Ammonia as a marine fuel

Risks and perspectives

authors: Cames, M. | Wissner, N. | Sutter, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

The decarbonization of the shipping sectorultimatelyrequiresthe switch to alternative post-fossil fuels. Ammonia has recently received increasing attention as a potential marine fuelthat could drive thisdecarbonization.In the context of…

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Impact of COVID-19 on single-use plastics and the environment in Europe

authors: Graulich, K. | Köhler, A. | Löw, C. | Sutter, J. | Watson, D. | Mehlhart, G. | Egebæk, K. | Bilsen, V. | Bley, F. | Manshoven, S. | Xhelili, A. | Mortensen, L. | Lippert Tange, I.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

This ETC/WMGE report provides the detailed analysis underpinning the EEA Briefing “Impacts of COVID-19 on single-use plastic in Europe’s environment”.

The COVID19 pandemic is having immense effects on societies across the world. Apart…

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Ecological Steering with Value-Added Tax and Taxes on Consumption

FFU-Report 02-2021

authors: Postpischil, R. | Jacob, K. | Bär, H. | Siemons, A. | Keimeyer, F. | Schumacher, K.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

The focus in this policy paper is on environment-related taxes that address the level of consumption. Various arguments are made in favor of the introduction of such consumption-based taxes.

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Green technologies and critical raw materials

Strategies for a circular economy

Year of publication: 06 / 2021

This policy paper has been commissioned by Henrike Hahn, Member of the European Parliament from the Greens / EFA to support her legislative activities on the European strategy for critical raw materials.

It aims at answering key…

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Environmental and socioeconomic footprints of the German bioeconomy

authors: Bringezu, S. | Distelkamp, M. | Lutz, C. | Wimmer, F. | Schaldach, R. | Hennenberg, K. | Böttcher, H. | Egenolf, V.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

Hoping to support sustainability, countries have established policies to foster the bioeconomy (BE), based on the use of biomass and knowledge on biological principles. However, appropriate monitoring is still lacking. We estimate global…

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The role of Artificial Intelligence in the European Green Deal

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be deployed for a wide range of applications to promote the goals of the European Green Deal. However, adverse environmental impacts of AI could jeopardise the attainment of these goals. The report…

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Closing the Loop on Energy Access in Africa

White Paper

authors: Angliviel, S. | Betz, J. | Manhart, A. | Sahni, A. | Soomro, S.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Access to clean, reliable electricity is one of the greatest challenges to sustainable development in Africa. Energy storage, particularly batteries, will be critical to supporting Africa’s progress to full energy access by 2030,…

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Analysis of options for determining OMGE, SOP and Transition within Article 6

Implications of policy decisions for international crediting under the Paris Agreement

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Fyson, C. | Warnecke, C. | Qui, K. | Gidden, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

This report explores three key unresolved issues in international negotations on the rules for international carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: achieving an overall mitigation in global emissions (OMGE), collecting a…

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Resource consumption of the passenger vehicle sector in Germany until 2035 – the impact of different drive systems

Study on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

authors: Betz, J. | Buchert, M. | Dolega, P. | Bulach, W.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The annual crude oil demand for passenger cars in Germany can be reduced by 56 percent by 2035 compared to 2020 if the share of electric passenger cars in German registrations rises to 100 percent until then. These savings significantly…

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ISGAN Regulatory Sandbox 2.0 Project

Policy Messages to the Clean Energy Ministerial

authors: Kubeczko, K. | Wang, A. | Bauknecht, D. | Chaves Ávila, J. | Ramírez, M. | An, A. | Kerkhof-Damen, N. | Lindquist, H. | Olofsson, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Innovation is among the most important levers to successfully cope with the challenges of climate and energy policy. Therefore, it is important to complement conventional approaches of piloting technological solutions and to make sure…

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Structural Supply Side Management in EU ETS

Reviewing the Market Stability Reserve

authors: Zaklan, A. | Graichen, J. | Graichen, V. | Hermann, H. | Cludius, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The review of the market stability reserve (MSR) is one of the key elements of the forthcoming reform of the EU ETS. This report assesses if the MSR is designed in a way that it can fulfil its pur-pose to provide sufficient supply-side…

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Options for regulating the climate impacts of aviation

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Aviation is the most environmentally-damaging mode of transport and contributes substantially to global warming. At the same time, aviation enjoys numerous privileges compared to other modes of transport. Kerosene is exempt from the…

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