Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Architectural change in accelerating transitions

Insights from the German energy transition

authors: Dahl Andersen, A. | Markard, J. | Bauknecht, D. | Korpås, M.
Year of publication: 01 / 2022

As transitions accelerate, they often increase in depth and scope. Transition dynamics may go beyond changes in core technologies to include architectural change at the system level. In this paper, we study actor preferences for system…

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Decomposition analysis of CO₂ emissions in the European cement sector

Identifying drivers of emission trends between 2005 and 2018

Year of publication: 01 / 2022

Based on a methodological approach developed by Branger und Quirion (2015), the authors analyse the drivers governing the development of ⁠CO2⁠ emissions from cement production from 2005 to 2018 for the EU28 as a whole and selected EU…

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Nature-based solutions and global climate protection

Assessment of their global mitigation potential and recommendations for international climate policy

authors: Reise, J. | Siemons, A. | Böttcher, H. | Herold, A. | Urrutia, C. | Schneider, L. | Iwaszuk, E. | McDonald, H. | Frelih-Larsen, A. | Duin, L. | Davis, M.
Year of publication: 01 / 2022

Nature-based Solutions (NbS) build synergies between biodiversity conservation and societal challenges such as climate change. This paper derives a working definition of NbS based on an evaluation of existing definitions, in particular…

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Primeval, natural and commercial forests in the context of biodiversity and climate protection - Part 2:

The narrative of the climate neutrality of wood as a resource

authors: Luick, R. | Hennenberg, K. | Leuschner, C. | Grossmann, M. | Jedicke, E. | Schoof, N. | Waldenspuhl, T.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

In the debate on climate protection and the promotion of renewable energies, the increased material and thermal use of wood as a supposedly climate-neutral building material and energy source is often promoted as necessary and sensible.…

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Primeval, natural and commercial forests in the context biodiversity and climate protection - Part 1:

Functions for biodiversity and as carbon sinks and reservoirs

authors: Luick, R. | Hennenberg, K. | Leuschner, C. | Grossmann, M. | Jedicke, E. | Schoof, N. | Waldenspuhl, T.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

There are heated arguments about the use of forests in the debate about wood production, contributing to climate protection, and the obligation to protect the biodiversity of forest ecosystems. Climate protection arguments are also used…

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Germany’s Agricultural Land Footprint and the Impact of Import Pattern Allocation

authors: Hennenberg, K. | Gebhardt, S. | Wimmer, F. | Distelkamp, M. | Lutz, C. | Böttcher, H. | Schaldach, R.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Footprints are powerful indicators for evaluating the impacts of a country’s bioeconomy on environmental goods, both domestic and abroad. We apply a hybrid approach combining a multi-regional input-output model and land use modelling to…

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ETC/CME Report 10/2021

Matching of power plants by fuel

authors: Hermann, H. | Gores, S. | Nissen, C.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

The aim of this paper is to develop a dataset identifying power plants in Europe and their main fuel type from power plants that are reported under activity code 20 together with other combustion installations. Since ETS data is one of…

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ETC/CME Report 9/2021

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2021. The EU Emissions Trading System in numbers.

Year of publication: 12 / 2021

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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Averaging or multi-year accounting? Environmental integrity implications for using international carbon markets in the context of single-year targets

authors: Siemons, A. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Under the Paris Agreement, most countries have communicated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) with mitigation targets for a single year. Single-year targets present considerable challenges when countries use international carbon…

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Energy Vulnerability and Energy Poverty: Experience and Approaches in the EU

Working Paper 9/2021

authors: Cludius, J. | Noka, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

The energy transition represents both an opportunity and a challenge for the European Union (EU). Analysis shows that an absolute energy-related household expenses could rise until 2030 after which the share of energy-related expenses as…

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Transdisciplinary research: towards an integrative perspective

authors: Lam, D. | Freund, M. | Kny, J. | Marg, O. | Mbah, M. | Theiler, L. | Bergmann, M. | Brohmann, B. | Lang, D. | Schäfer, M.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Since the emergence of transdisciplinary research, context dependencies, innovative formats and methods, societal effects, and scientific effects are key aspects that have been discussed at length. However, what is still missing is an…

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Standard Operating Procedures for Environmentally Sound Management of Used Lead-acid Batteries

authors: Wilson, B. | Manhart, A.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

This report entails Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for environmentally sound management of used lead-acid batteries (ULABs). The SOPs consist of 37 sheets, each covering one topic relevant for safe and environmentally sound ULAB…

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Sustainability dimensions of imported hydrogen

Working Paper 8/2021

authors: Heinemann, C. | Mendelevitch, R. | Herold, A. | Jakob, M. | Kampffmeyer, N. | Kasten, P. | Krieger, S. | Schleicher, T. | Seebach, D.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

To achieve the climate neutrality target in Germany for 2045, large quantities of hydrogen will have to be imported from regions outside the EU. This report analyses the expected far-reaching and multi-layered impacts on importing…

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Understanding the Transparency Guidance

Working Paper 7/2021

authors: Moosmann, L. | Herold, A.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

At the climate change conference in Glasgow in November 2021, the ‘guidance for operationalizing the modalities, procedures and guidelines for the enhanced transparency framework’ was adopted. This guidance, together with other decisions…

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Sustainable consumption for biodiversity and ecosystem services

Current state and future requirements in information, communication and international cooperation

authors: Teufel, J. | López Hernández, V. | Polanía Giese, J. | Knörzer, U.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Prevailing consumption patterns are coupled to a rapid  destruction of natural and near-natural ecosystems and  the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Currently, a comprehensive overview of existing policy recommendations and…

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Advancing multilateral cooperation on climate action

Ideas for new initiatives across four policy areas and how to use existing international venues as stepping stones

authors: Haase, I. | Duwe, M. | Böttcher, H. | Cames, M. | Fyson, C. | Ramalope, D.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Multilateral initiatives and cooperation can be effective means to increase ambition and action to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. This synthesis report summarizes the proposals for new initiatives in four policy fields –…

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Why are biobased and biodegradable plastic not part of the solution to reduce plastic waste?

Checking the facts!

Year of publication: 11 / 2021

This report has been prepared to provide simple assistance to CAP SEA partner organisations in their work. Science-based background knowledge on biobased and biodegradable plastic shall enable the partners to avoid regrettable…

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The Impact of Gold

Sustainability aspects in the gold supply-chains and Switzerland's role as a gold hub

authors: Schön-Blume, N. | Dolega, P. | Buchert, M. | Bodenmüller, B. | Meyer, M.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Switzerland has a particularly strong relationship with gold: Not only is 50 % – 70 % of the world’s gold refined in Switzerland, but Swiss banks also play a crucial role in marketing bullion. Switzerland is also a primary hub for…

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Methodology for assessing the quality of carbon credits

Version 1.0

authors: Schneider, L. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Wissner, N. | Colbert-Sangree, T. | Progscha, S. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A. | Barata, P. | Ogata, C. | Stuart, W. | Jones, D.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Carbon markets with high-quality credits could play an important role in raising the ambition of climate action and help close the gap between current climate commitments and the necessary decarbonisation of the global economy. If carbon…

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Carbon Pricing and Complementary Policies - Consistency of the Policy Mix for Decarbonizing Buildings in Germany

Year of publication: 11 / 2021

While it is widely acknowledged that carbon pricing plays an important role in driving the transition towards a low-carbon energy system, its interaction with complementary instruments is discussed controversially. The analysis of…

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