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Guidelines and tools for test laboratories to target circumvention

authors: Martin, S. | van Kasteren, R. | Türk, C. | Hook, I. | Lemke, H. | Ferrari, S. | Graulich, K. | Rüdenauer, I. | Praher, C. | Presutto, M. | Stamminger, R. | Ruiz, N.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

the following guidelines for test laboratories, together with separate guide-lines for Market Surveillance Authorities (MSAs), shall provide practical capacity building measures for these key actors. Beyond that, ANTICSS aims at…

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Guidelines and tools for MSAs to target circumvention

authors: Praher, C. | Stadler, M. | Bogner, T. | Ruiz, N. | Graulich, K. | Rüdenauer, I. | Presutto, M. | Stamminger, R. | van Kasteren, R. | Martin, S.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The following guidelines for Market Surveillance Authorities (MSAs), together with separate guidelines for test laboratories, shall provide practical capacity building measures for these key actors. Beyond that, ANTICSS aims at…

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Persistent degradation products of halogenated refrigerants and blowing agents in the environment: type, environmental concentrations, and fate with particular regard to new halogenated substitutes with low global warming potential

Final report

authors: Behringer, D. | Heydel, F. | Gschrey, B. | Osterheld, S. | Schwarz, W. | Warncke, K. | Freeling, F. | Nödler, K. | Henne, S. | Reimann, S. | Blepp, M. | Jörß, W. | Liu, R. | Ludig, S. | Rüdenauer, I. | Gartiser, S.
Year of publication: 03 / 2021

Climate-impacting refrigerants and blowing agents are often replaced by halogenated substances which, despite their low global warming potential, are not unproblematic for the environment. The study examines quantities used and emissions…

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FAQ “Extending the life span of home appliances”

Year of publication: 10 / 2018

Repair or replace? Extending the life-span of your home appliances – FAQs and helpful hints

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Refrigerants and Foam-blowing Agents in Household Refrigerating Appliances – Facts and Policy Recommendations

Oeko-Institut Working Paper 1/2018

authors: Rüdenauer, I. | Prieß, R.
Year of publication: 02 / 2018

Refrigerants and foam-blowing agents have a long history of being criticized for their environmental impact. In Europe, mostly natural refrigerants and foam-blowing agents (mainly cyclopentante and isobutane) are nowadays used in…

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Living up to expectations? Monitoring the effects of Ecodesign and Energy Labelling in Germany

authors: Fischer, C. | Baron, Y. | Blepp, M. | Hesse, T. | Rüdenauer, I. | Stratmann, B. | Sutter, J.
Year of publication: 08 / 2017

Published in: eceee 2017 Summer Study on energy efficiency: Consumption, efficiency and limits, ISSN: 2001-7960 (online)/1653-7025 (print), ISBN: 978-91-983878-1-0 (online)/978-91-983878-0-3 (print)

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Saving Potential of Miele Washing Machines with the PowerWash 2.0 Technology

Comparison of the Energy Consumption and Global Warming Potential of Washing Machines with PowerWash 2.0 with Appliances of Competitors with Conventional Technology

authors: Rüdenauer, I. | Gensch, C.
Year of publication: 06 / 2016

For several years now, we see the emergence of a trend towards an increasing loading capacity in washing machines. At the same time, there is a steady decline in the average size of households, an increasing differentiation in the…

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Instruments for the Replacement of Old Appliances

Common appliance policy – All for one, One for all – Energy Labels

Year of publication: 04 / 2011

This report focuses on instruments intended to promote the replacement of less efficient appliances and the market penetration of more efficient ones. Its main objective is to create an overview of possible instruments, mention their…

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Environmental and economic evaluation of the accelerated replacement of domestic appliances

Case study refrigerators and freezers - Final Report

authors: Rüdenauer, I. | Gensch, C.
Year of publication: 02 / 2007

In Germany the market saturation rate of refrigerators in 2003 was 115 % and of freezers 74 %. Both figures were quite stable in recent years which indicate that the market is saturated and purchasing activities are dominated by…

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Costs and Benefits of Green Public Procurement in Europe

authors: Rüdenauer, I. | Dross, M. | Eberle, U. | Gensch, C. | Graulich, K. | Hünecke, K. | Koch, Y. | Möller, M. | Quack, D. | Seebach, D. | Zimmer, W. | et al.
Year of publication: 01 / 2007

Due to the market power of the purchasing activities of public authorities, green public procurement (GPP) can make an important contribution to reducing environmental impacts and to changing unsustainable production and consumption…

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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) – Recycling of CFC – and HC – containing refrigerator equipment (Summary)

Year of publication: 01 / 2007

This life cycle assessment (LCA) was commissioned by the RAL Quality Assurance Association for the Demanufacture of Refrigeration Equipment. Its objective is to make an ecological comparison of the different disposal channels for waste…

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Eco-Efficiency Analysis of Washing machines

Life Cycle Assessment and determination of optimal life span/Refinement of Task 4: Further use versus substitution of washing machines in stock

Year of publication: 01 / 2005

Due to technological advance during the last 10 to 15 years of both washing machines and detergents, significant reductions of energy and water consumption during the use-phase of a washing machine could be realised. Although new…

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Energy demand of tumble driers with respect to differences in technology and ambient conditions

Final Report

authors: Rüdenauer, I. | Gensch, C.
Year of publication: 01 / 2004

Tumble driers have a high ratio of and increasing impact on total electricity demand of households. In contrast to different other household appliances the market is not saturated yet and therefore growing selling rates can be expected.

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