A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Structural Supply Side Management in EU ETS

Reviewing the Market Stability Reserve

authors: Zaklan, A. | Graichen, J. | Graichen, V. | Hermann, H. | Cludius, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The review of the market stability reserve (MSR) is one of the key elements of the forthcoming reform of the EU ETS. This report assesses if the MSR is designed in a way that it can fulfil its pur-pose to provide sufficient supply-side…

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Options for regulating the climate impacts of aviation

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Aviation is the most environmentally-damaging mode of transport and contributes substantially to global warming. At the same time, aviation enjoys numerous privileges compared to other modes of transport. Kerosene is exempt from the…

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Including transport sectors in the EU ETS

Background paper for the ENVI Committee

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

This background paper provides an overview of the design options for the inclusion of these sectors inthe EU ETS, possible impacts on emissions in these sectors and the impacts on the stationary ETS.

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Strengthening synergies between climate effort sharing & energy savings obligations

An input to the "Fit for 55" package

authors: Graichen, J. | Scheuer, S. | Thomas, S.
Year of publication: 02 / 2021

The new 55% climate target will bring major revisions of the EU’s energy and climate laws. This study looks at the interactions and synergies between three of the key policy instruments: Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR), EU Emission…

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ETC/CME Report 8/2020

Trends and projections under the Effort Sharing Legislation. Overview on developments and drivers

authors: Graichen, J. | Gores, S. | Schmid, C. | Mandl, N.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

This report provides an analysis of the progress of the European Union, its Member States as well as Iceland, Norway and United Kingdom in reducing greenhouse gas emissions under the Effort Sharing legislation between 2005 and 2030. The…

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ETC/CME Report 3/2020

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2020

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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Wanted: A New 2030 Climate Target for the EU

An analysis of key choices for the ambition and scope of a 2030 target

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

In November 2019, the European Commission announced a European Green Deal to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. EU legislators endorsed this goal but are still grappling with a new 2030 target. On 11 December 2020, heads of state agreed…

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How to Raise Europe’s Climate Ambitions for 2030

Implementing a -55% Target in EU Policy Architecture

Year of publication: 08 / 2020

On 4 March 2020, the European Commission proposed a Climate Law setting out a legal framework to steer Europe towards the 2050 greenhouse gas-neutrality target. The Commission also announced that by September 2020 it will present a…

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Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis?

Year of publication: 05 / 2020

This paper analyses a recent proposal by the aviation industry to change the scheme in the light of the COVID-19 crisis. We find that the proposal delays climate action by the industry for several years and could reduce the overall…

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ETC/CME Report 3/2019

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2019

Year of publication: 12 / 2019

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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The role of the EU ETS in increasing EU climate ambition

Assessment of policy options

Year of publication: 10 / 2019

At present, the EU is targeting to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 40% below 1990 levels by 2030, but this target falls short of meeting the targets of the Paris Agreement. A significant increase in the ambition of EU climate…

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EU Environment and Climate Change Policies

State of play, current and future challenges

Year of publication: 09 / 2019

This study reviews the state of play of on environmental and climate legislation in the EU and pinpoints key challenges for the next five years. Part 1 of this study summarizes the status of EU legislation, major EU targets and…

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Aviation in the EU Emission Trading System

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2019

Presentation by Jakob Graichen at the Conference on carbon pricing and aviation taxes, Den Haag, 21th June 2019

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Impact of slow steaming for bulk carriers

Assessment of the impacts on transport costs for different ship sizes

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2019

Presentation by Jakob Graichen, IMO ISWG-GHG Side Event, 7 May 2019, London

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Impact of slow steaming for different types of ships carrying bulk cargo

authors: Healy, S. | Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2019

The Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MPEC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted an ‘Initial IMO strategy on [the] reduction of GHG emissions from ships’ on the 13th of April, 2018 (MEPC 2018). Within the…

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NDC Accounting Rules

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A. | Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 09 / 2018

The requirement to account for the emissions and removals corresponding to the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) was introduced nearly three years ago by the Parties to the UNFCCC. Since then, there have been further…

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Accounting of Nationally Determined Contributions

Guidance for the Establishment of an Accounting for NDCs for absolute or relative mitigation targets with a baseline

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2018

The general NDC accounting guide is applicable to quantified absolute mitigation targets and mitigation targets relating to an emissions baseline. It includes a proposal on the accounting for several mitigation targets comprised in an…

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Destination Paris: Why the EU’s climate policy will derail without energy efficiency

authors: Rosenow, J. | Graichen, J. | Scheuer, S.
Year of publication: 04 / 2018

Without bold energy efficiency policies, it will be impossible to reach the goals articulated in the Paris Agreement. This is the main finding of authors from the Regulatory Assistance Project, Öko-Institut, and Stefan Scheuer…

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IMO’s challenges on the route to decarbonising international shipping Key Issues at Stake at the 72nd Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cames, M. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 03 / 2018

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C.…

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Does the Effort Sharing Regulation require sufficient emission reductions to meet the EU 2030 target?

Oeko-Institut Working Paper 7/2017

authors: Graichen, J. | Jörß, W.
Year of publication: 11 / 2017

This paper analyses the legislative proposal of the European Commission and the negotiating positions of the Council and the Parliament related to the EU Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR). The ESR sets the framework for the reduction of…

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