A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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The Missing Limb: Including Impacts of Biomass Extraction on Forest Carbon Stocks in Greenhouse Gas Balances of Wood Use

authors: Fehrenbach, H. | Bischoff, M. | Böttcher, H. | Reise, J. | Hennenberg, K.
Year of publication: 02 / 2022

The global carbon neutrality challenge places a spotlight on forests as carbon sinks. However, greenhouse gas (GHG) balances of wood for material and energy use often reveal GHG emission savings in comparison with a non-wood reference.…

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Analysis of the European Commission proposal for revising the EU LULUCF Regulation

Commissioned by Agora Energiewende

authors: Böttcher, H. | Gores, S. | Hennenberg, K. | Reise, J. | Graf, A.
Year of publication: 01 / 2022

This paper addresses national and EU policymakers, experts and NGO-representatives looking for an interpretation of the European Commission’s (EC) proposal for a revised LULUCF Regulation and other suggestions for revisions currently…

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Nature-based solutions and global climate protection

Assessment of their global mitigation potential and recommendations for international climate policy

authors: Reise, J. | Siemons, A. | Böttcher, H. | Herold, A. | Urrutia, C. | Schneider, L. | Iwaszuk, E. | McDonald, H. | Frelih-Larsen, A. | Duin, L. | Davis, M.
Year of publication: 01 / 2022

Nature-based Solutions (NbS) build synergies between biodiversity conservation and societal challenges such as climate change. This paper derives a working definition of NbS based on an evaluation of existing definitions, in particular…

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Germany’s Agricultural Land Footprint and the Impact of Import Pattern Allocation

authors: Hennenberg, K. | Gebhardt, S. | Wimmer, F. | Distelkamp, M. | Lutz, C. | Böttcher, H. | Schaldach, R.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Footprints are powerful indicators for evaluating the impacts of a country’s bioeconomy on environmental goods, both domestic and abroad. We apply a hybrid approach combining a multi-regional input-output model and land use modelling to…

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Advancing multilateral cooperation on climate action

Ideas for new initiatives across four policy areas and how to use existing international venues as stepping stones

authors: Haase, I. | Duwe, M. | Böttcher, H. | Cames, M. | Fyson, C. | Ramalope, D.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Multilateral initiatives and cooperation can be effective means to increase ambition and action to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. This synthesis report summarizes the proposals for new initiatives in four policy fields –…

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Options for Strengthening Natural Carbon Sinks and Reducing Land Use Emissions in the EU

Working paper

authors: Böttcher, H. | Reise, J. | Zell-Ziegler, C. | Liste, V. | Frelih-Larsen, A. | Herb, I.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

This report provides an overview and assessment of seven options for sink enhancement and reduction of emissions in the EU land use sector and is targeted towards policymakers and EU policy stakeholder groups.

The publication has…

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Environmental and socioeconomic footprints of the German bioeconomy

authors: Bringezu, S. | Distelkamp, M. | Lutz, C. | Wimmer, F. | Schaldach, R. | Hennenberg, K. | Böttcher, H. | Egenolf, V.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

Hoping to support sustainability, countries have established policies to foster the bioeconomy (BE), based on the use of biomass and knowledge on biological principles. However, appropriate monitoring is still lacking. We estimate global…

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2030 Climate Target: Review of LULUCF Regulation

Background paper for the workshop of the ENVI Committee on 25/05/2021

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

This background paper provides an overview of current trends of emissions and re-movals in the LULUCF sector, the existing system to monitor, report and account for emissions and removals and outlines the policy options for a revised…

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Technical assistance for the preparation of guidance for the implementation of the new bioenergy sustainability criteria set out in the revised Renewable Energy Directive

REDIIBIO : final report

authors: Hennenberg, K. | Böttcher, H. | Reise, J. | et al.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

The aim of the REDIIBIO project is to provide technical assistance to the Commission to promote the robust and harmonised implementation of the new sustainability criteria for forest and agricultural biomass under the REDII (call for…

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Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap – Policy field forest protection

authors: Böttcher, H. | Liste, V. | Fyson, C.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement requires increased global climate action, especially reduced deforestation and restoration of forests to protect and rebuild ecosystems carbon stocks. Based on a sound analysis of existing…

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Methodology and criteria for assessing multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap

Background Paper

authors: Böttcher, H. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

Staying within the limit of the Paris Agreement of 1.5 °C global warming requires closing the global 2030 ambition and action gap arising from insufficient current policies and contributions. This background paper documents the…

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Exploratory Analysis of an EU Sink and Restoration Target

Commissioned by Greenpeace Germany

Year of publication: 03 / 2021

In a public consultation in early 2021, the EC looked for stakeholder input on the revision of the LULUCF Regulation. This paper presents a short exploratory analysis that discusses important elements for a separate EU land net sink and…

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Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap - Policy field synthetic e-fuels

authors: Cames, M. | Böttcher, H. | Fuentes Hutfilter, U. | Wilson, R.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement requires increased global climate action, especially towards the production and use of synthetic e-fuels. This paper focuses on aviation and maritime transport and the role of green hydrogen for…

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Sustainable Resource Output

Towards an Approach to a Multidimensional Environmental Assessment of Biomass Production

authors: Böttcher, H. | Hennenberg, K. | Wiegmann, K. | Scheffler, M. | Hansen, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Article published in: "Sustainable Development and Resource Productivity - The Nexus Approaches"

Edited By Harry Lehmann, Copyright Year 2021, ISBN 9780367429546, Published November 18, 2020 by Routledge, 386 Pages 56 Color…

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The climate impact of forest and land management in the EU and the role of current reporting and accounting rules

An investigation into the incentives provided by LULUCF reporting and accounting and their implications - Briefing for ECF and Fern

authors: Böttcher, H. | Reise, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2020

The EU LULUCF Regulation considers, for the first time, a separate target for the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector. The sector is also supposed to contribute to the legally bind-ing target of net zero greenhouse gas…

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Comments from Oeko-Insitut on the ENTSOs TYNDP 2020 Draft Scenarios

Year of publication: 01 / 2020

This commentary focuses on the two 1.5°C scenarios, as there is still a fundamental need to revise these in order to achieve the Paris climate targets. Both scenarios rely heavily on an energy supply based on gas and the use of carbon…

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Impact Assessment on the Environmental, Social and Economic Effects of the 2030 Sectoral Targets in the Federal Government’s Climate Action Plan 2050


authors: Repenning, J. | Schumacher, K. | Bergmann, T. | Blanck, R. | Böttcher, H. | Bürger, V. | Cludius, J. | Cook, V. | Emele, L. | Jörß, W. | Hennenberg, K. | Hermann, H. | Loreck, C. | Ludig, S. | Matthes, F. | Nissen, C. | Scheffler, M. | Wiegmann, K. | Zell-Ziegler, C. | Fleiter, T. | Fries, B. | Sievers, L. | Pfaff, M. | Thamling, N. | Rau, D. | Hartwig, J. | Welter, S. | Lösch, O. | Wirz, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2019

The analyses highlighted three main issues:

  • The targets set for the various sectors can be achieved by means of a range of different strategies.
  • From a macroeconomic perspective, all implementation strategies covered by the study are…

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EU LULUCF Regulation explained

Summary of core provisions and expected effects

Year of publication: 06 / 2019

This paper aims to provide an overview of the Regulation (EU) 2018/841 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework (LULUCF Regulation,…

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The role of the bioeconomy in energy and climate policy – area of conflict or promised land?

BioFuture25 Annual Seminar

author: Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 04 / 2019

Presentation by Dr. Hannes Böttcher,  BioFuture25 Annual Seminar, 16. April 2019, Lahti.

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NDC Accounting Rules

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A. | Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 09 / 2018

The requirement to account for the emissions and removals corresponding to the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) was introduced nearly three years ago by the Parties to the UNFCCC. Since then, there have been further…

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