Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Offset credit supply potential for CORSIA

Annex 2

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C. | Schneider, L. | Broekhoff, D. | La Hoz Theuer, S.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

This discussion paper assesses how robust accounting could be implemented under the Paris Agreement in order to avoid double counting between nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for…

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What makes a high-quality carbon credit?

Phase 1 of the “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” project: Definition of criteria for assessing the quality of carbon credits

authors: Schneider, L. | Healy, S. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US), Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and Oeko-Institut are developing a “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” to guide buyers of carbon credits amidst a complex market. The project is implemented in four phases:…

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Practical strategies to avoid overselling

Final Report May 2020

authors: Kohli, A. | Füssler, J. | Broekhoff, D. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 05 / 2020

A fundamental difference in the context of Article 6 mechanisms compared to the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms is that, under the Paris Agreement, all countries have mitigation pledges – unlike the Kyoto Protocol where only the industrialized…

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Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis?

Year of publication: 05 / 2020

This paper analyses a recent proposal by the aviation industry to change the scheme in the light of the COVID-19 crisis. We find that the proposal delays climate action by the industry for several years and could reduce the overall…

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Options for Improving the Emission Unit Eligibility Criteria under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation

Discussion Paper

authors: Broekhoff, D. | Schneider, L. | Tewari, R. | Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C.
Year of publication: 02 / 2020

This discussion paper assesses options for improving the current EUCs. Clearly articulated EUCs are needed to define minimum standards for the “quality” of carbon offset credits that may be used under CORSIA. High quality offset credits…

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Transitioning elements ofthe Clean Development Mechanism to the Paris Agreement

Discussion Paper

authors: Füssler, J. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 12 / 2019

This discussion paper assesses how different elements of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) – including its rules, its institutional framework, its projects, and its certified emission reductions (CERs) – could be used under the Paris…

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Analysis and assessment of the design of an offsetting system for international aviation

authors: Schneider, L. | Cames, M. | Healy, S. | Keimeyer, F. | Schütte, S. | Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C. | Tewari, R. | Broekhoff, D. | La Hoz Theuer, S.
Year of publication: 11 / 2019

This discussion paper assesses how robust accounting could be implemented under the Paris Agreement in order to avoid double counting between nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for…

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Avoiding double counting between CORSIA and Nationally Determined Contributions

Options for accounting under the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Healy, S.
Year of publication: 11 / 2019

This discussion paper assesses how robust accounting could be implemented under the Paris Agreement in order to avoid double counting between nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for…

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Lessons learned from the first round of applications by carbon-offsetting programs for eligibility under CORSIA

authors: Schneider, L. | Michaelowa, A. | Broekhoff, D. | Espelage, A. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 10 / 2019

In 2016, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). The scheme requires participating airline operators to purchase carbon offset credits…

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Outside in? Using international carbon markets for mitigation not covered by nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Howard, A. | Kizzier, K. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 10 / 2019

The Paris Agreement establishes provisions for using international carbon market mechanisms to achieve nationally determined contribution (NDCs). In international negotiations on the rules governing the Agreement, an important question…

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Double counting and the Paris Agreement rulebook

authors: Schneider, L. | Maosheng, D. | Stavins, R. | Kizzier, K. | Broekhoff, D. | Jotzo, F. | Winkler, H. | Lazarus, M. | Howard, A. | Hood, C.
Year of publication: 10 / 2019

The 24th international climate conference in Katowice, Poland, in December 2018 was a major achievement in the multilateral response to climate change. More than 190 countries managed to agree on nearly all elements of a comprehensive…

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Implementing New GWP Values in the EU: A Quantitative Analysis

Oeko-Institut Working Paper 3/2019

Year of publication: 08 / 2019

The quantitative analysis for the EU-28 and all member states indicates that a change of GWP values from AR4 to AR5 would have very small effects. Based on the emission reductions achieved so far as well as projections by member states…

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How could the concept of an "overall mitigation in global emissions" (OMGE) be operationalized under the Paris Agreement?

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

authors: Schneider, L. | Warnecke, C.
Year of publication: 06 / 2019

This paper addresses questions that have been raised in relation to OMGE. It draws on a study conducted by Lambert Schneider and NewClimate Institute. The paper focuses on emission reductions that are generated within the scope of…

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Accounting for the Linking of Emissions Trading Systems under Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement

Discussion paper prepared for the International Carbon Action Partnership

authors: Schneider, L. | Cludius, J. | La Hoz Theuer, S.
Year of publication: 11 / 2018

By allowing allowances from one jurisdiction to be used for compliance in another jurisdiction, linking of ETSs enables mitigation to take place wherever it is cheapest. Emissions can thus shift across jurisdictions and over time. An…

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Vulnerability of CDM Projects for Discontinuation of Mitigation Activities

Assessment of Project Vulnerability and Options to Support Continued Mitigation

authors: Warnecke, C. | Day, T. | Schneider, L. | Cames, M. | Healy, S. | Harthan, R. | Tewari, R. | Höhne, N.
Year of publication: 05 / 2017

This study forms part of a broader project, supported by the German Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt, UBA), with the primary objective to analyse the current situation and development of the international carbon markets.

This report…

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Environmental Integrity under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Füssler, J. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Kohli, A. | Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Broekhoff, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2017

This discussion paper explores key issues and options to achieve environmental integrity under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. It proposes that environmental integrity in context of Article 6 means that using international transfers…

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Delivering Results-Based Funding Through Crediting Mechanisms

Assessment of Key Design Options

authors: Schneider, L. | Spalding-Fecher, R. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 01 / 2015

This study explores how results-based funding could be delivered effectively by using tools and processes of crediting mechanisms. The study focuses on key design aspects for programmes using crediting mechanisms, including the…

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Options for continuing GHG abatement from CDM and JI industrial gas projects

authors: Schneider, L. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2014

This study, commissioned by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), focuses on options to ensure continued GHG abatement from HFC-23 and N2O CDM/JI projects. The study finds that…

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2010 Rating of Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) accredited under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Report for WWF - Corrected version

authors: Schneider, L. | Mohr, L.
Year of publication: 06 / 2010

Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) are accredited independent entities responsible for ensuring that proposed projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) meet all requirements established by the CDM Executive Board operating…

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A rating of Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) Accredited under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Scope, methodology and results

authors: Schneider, L. | Mohr, L.
Year of publication: 05 / 2009

Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) are accredited independent entities responsible for ensuring that proposed projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) meet all requirements established by the CDM Executive Board operating…

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