Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Methodology for assessing the quality of carbon credits

Version 1.0

authors: Schneider, L. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Wissner, N. | Colbert-Sangree, T. | Progscha, S. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A. | Barata, P. | Ogata, C. | Stuart, W. | Jones, D.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Carbon markets with high-quality credits could play an important role in raising the ambition of climate action and help close the gap between current climate commitments and the necessary decarbonisation of the global economy. If carbon…

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The potential impact of transitioning CDM units and activities to the Paris Agreement

Understanding implications of key policy choices on the table in Glasgow

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Warnecke, C.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

This presentation includes updated research by NewClimate Institute and Öko-Institut on the potential transition of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to the Paris Agreement, as discussed by Parties under Article 6 of the Paris…

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Attribution: A practical guide to navigating the blending of climate finance and carbon markets

Final Report September 2021

authors: Spalding-Fecher, R. | Kohli, A. | Fallasch, F. | Brown, P. | Füssler, J. | Broekhoff, J. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 09 / 2021

Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement will require an unprecedented scale of financing for low-carbon and climate-resilient development. This poses a particular challenge to developing countries. The current financial flows from…

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Analysis of options for determining OMGE, SOP and Transition within Article 6

Implications of policy decisions for international crediting under the Paris Agreement

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Fyson, C. | Warnecke, C. | Qui, K. | Gidden, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

This report explores three key unresolved issues in international negotations on the rules for international carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: achieving an overall mitigation in global emissions (OMGE), collecting a…

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Options for regulating the climate impacts of aviation

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Aviation is the most environmentally-damaging mode of transport and contributes substantially to global warming. At the same time, aviation enjoys numerous privileges compared to other modes of transport. Kerosene is exempt from the…

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Designing Governance Structures and Transactional Documentation for Mitigation Outcome Transactions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Summary Report

authors: Spalding-Fecher, R. | Martin, M. | Saines, R. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

This report aims to assist host countries of climate mitigation projects in creating the governance frameworks needed to make decisions on the engagement in international carbon market transactions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.…

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Voluntary offsetting: credits and allowances

Report

authors: Doda, B. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Cames, M. | Healy, S. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

To date, the supply of units for the voluntary carbon market has been almost exclusively in the form of credits generated by climate protection projects elsewhere. This report analyses the merits and challenges of another possible source…

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Averaging or multi-year accounting?

Implications for environmental integrity of carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Single-year targets present considerable challenges if countries use international carbon markets to achieve their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. This paper assesses the environmental integrity…

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Quality of offsets

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 12 / 2020

Presentation by Lambert Schneider, Online debate by Florence School of Regulation, 15 December 2020

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Wanted: A New 2030 Climate Target for the EU

An analysis of key choices for the ambition and scope of a 2030 target

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

In November 2019, the European Commission announced a European Green Deal to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. EU legislators endorsed this goal but are still grappling with a new 2030 target. On 11 December 2020, heads of state agreed…

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CDM supply potential for emission reductions up to the end of 2020

authors: Ishikawa, T. | Yamasaki, S. | Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Warnecke, C. | Hemmi, T. | Yamaguchi, K. | Takahashi, K.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

The transition of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) issued under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for use by Parties towards their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is a key outstanding issue for Article 6 negotiations…

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What Baseline for CORSIA?

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Presentation by Lambert Schneider, ICAP IETA Carbon Markets Virtual Pavilion, 11. November 2020

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Transition of the CDM to Article 6.4

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Presentaion by Lambert Schneider, ICAP IETA Carbon Markets Virtual Pavilion, 11. November 2020

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Offset credit supply potential for CORSIA

Annex 2

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C. | Schneider, L. | Broekhoff, D. | La Hoz Theuer, S.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

This discussion paper assesses how robust accounting could be implemented under the Paris Agreement in order to avoid double counting between nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for…

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Addressing double claiming for the voluntary carbon market

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 07 / 2020

Presentation by Lambert Schneider, Webinar “Stronger voluntary market -New rules to raise the bar post-2020”, 8 July 2020

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What makes a high-quality carbon credit?

Phase 1 of the “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” project: Definition of criteria for assessing the quality of carbon credits

authors: Schneider, L. | Healy, S. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US), Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and Oeko-Institut are developing a “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers” to guide buyers of carbon credits amidst a complex market. The project is implemented in four phases:…

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Practical strategies to avoid overselling

Final Report May 2020

authors: Kohli, A. | Füssler, J. | Broekhoff, D. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 05 / 2020

A fundamental difference in the context of Article 6 mechanisms compared to the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms is that, under the Paris Agreement, all countries have mitigation pledges – unlike the Kyoto Protocol where only the industrialized…

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Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis?

Year of publication: 05 / 2020

This paper analyses a recent proposal by the aviation industry to change the scheme in the light of the COVID-19 crisis. We find that the proposal delays climate action by the industry for several years and could reduce the overall…

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Options for Improving the Emission Unit Eligibility Criteria under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation

Discussion Paper

authors: Broekhoff, D. | Schneider, L. | Tewari, R. | Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C.
Year of publication: 02 / 2020

This discussion paper assesses options for improving the current EUCs. Clearly articulated EUCs are needed to define minimum standards for the “quality” of carbon offset credits that may be used under CORSIA. High quality offset credits…

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Transitioning elements of the Clean Development Mechanism to the Paris Agreement

Discussion Paper

authors: Füssler, J. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 12 / 2019

This discussion paper assesses how different elements of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) – including its rules, its institutional framework, its projects, and its certified emission reductions (CERs) – could be used under the Paris…

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