Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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QU.A.L.ITY soil carbon removals?

Assessing the EU Framework for Carbon Removal Certification from a climate-friendly soil management perspective

authors: McDonald, H. | Siemons, A. | Bodle, R. | Hobeika, M. | Scheid, A. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 01 / 2023

This brief critically assesses the Commission’s 2022 proposal for Framework for Carbon Re-movals Certification as it applies to climate-friendly soil management. We introduce the pro-posal and then evaluate how its minimum certification…

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Using International Carbon Credits to Achieve National Mitigation Targets of EU Member States – Options for Accounting under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Report prepared for the Swedish Energy Agency

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 01 / 2023

The European Union (EU) has communicated in its nationally determined contribution (NDC) a target of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 55% until 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Next to this EU-wide target, several EU member states…

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Land use as a sector for market mechanisms under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Year of publication: 12 / 2022

The land-use sector plays a critical role for achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. This report discusses key environmental integrity challenges for using carbon market mechanisms to implement mitigation activities in the land-use…

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The COP27 Climate Change Conference

Autoren: Moosmann, L. | Siemons, A. | Fallasch, F. | Schneider, L. | Urrutia, C. | Wissner, N. | Mendelevitch, R. | Hermann, H. | Healy, S. | Oppelt, D. | Heinemann, S.
Veröffentlichungsdatum: 10 / 2022

This study provides an overview of the status of international climate negotiations and issues at stake at the COP27 climate change conference. It also addresses the current implementation of the Paris Agreement, the stakeholders in the…

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Crunch Issues for Integrity of Forestry Carbon Credits

Side-event at SB56

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 06 / 2022

Presentation by Dr. Lambert Schneider, Side-event at SB56, June 2022, Bonn

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The Carbon Credit Quality Initiate and new research on sustainable development impacts of VCM projects

author: Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 06 / 2022

Presentation by Dr. Lambert Schneider, 7 June 2022

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The Carbon Credit Quality Initiative

Transparent Scores for Carbon Credit Quality

authors: Schallert, B. | Barata, P. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 05 / 2022

Presentation by Brad Schallert, Pedro Barata and Dr. Lambert Schneider, Scoring Tool Launch, 31 May 2022

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Sustainable development impacts of selected project types in the voluntary carbon market

authors: Wissner, N. | Schneider, L. | Jung, H. | Hernández Orozco, E. | Kwamboka, E. | Johnson, F. | Bößner, S.
Year of publication: 05 / 2022

There is increasing acknowledgement that projects in the voluntary carbon market have an impact beyond reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Projects can have additional positive effects on sustainable development, but they can also impair…

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Visibility of carbon market approaches in greenhouse gas inventories

authors: Schneider, L. | Weber, F. | Füssler, J. | Moosmann, L. | Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 05 / 2022

Under the Paris Agreement, Parties must track the implementation and achievement of their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). In many cases, NDC targets are expressed as greenhouse gas emissions, and it is essential for countries…

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Accounting for Nationally Determined Contributions

Guidance for Accounting for NDCs with Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target. Second edition — Updated for the provisions of the Katowice Rulebook and decisions taken at COP26 in Glasgow

authors: Blank, D. | Schneider, L. | Harthan, R. | Moosmann, L.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

The 2015 Paris Agreement requires Parties to regularly communicate nationally determined contributions (NDCs) in which they specify their national climate mitigation targets and actions. This document provides practical guidance for…

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Methodology for assessing the quality of carbon credits

Version 2.0

authors: Schneider, L. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Wissner, N. | Colbert-Sangree, T. | Progscha, S. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A. | Barata, P. | Ogata, C. | Stuart, W. | Jones, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF-US), Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and Oeko-Institut are developing the “Carbon Credit Quality Initiative” (previously referred to as “Carbon Credit Guidance for Buyers”) to guide buyers of carbon credits…

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Fit for purpose? Key issues for the first review of CORSIA

authors: Schneider, L. | Wissner, N.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

This paper aims to contribute to the forthcoming review of CORSIA by identifying key issues that should be addressed in relevant ICAO decision making bodies. As the discussion on a potential long-term goal for international aviation is…

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Ensuring safeguards and assessing sustainable development impacts in the voluntary carbon market

An overview of approaches

authors: Wissner, N. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

The voluntary carbon market (VCM) has been growing considerably in recent years and demand for carbon credits will likely continue to increase in the future. Projects in the VCM can have considerable impacts beyond the reduction of…

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Nature-based solutions and global climate protection

Assessment of their global mitigation potential and recommendations for international climate policy

authors: Reise, J. | Siemons, A. | Böttcher, H. | Herold, A. | Urrutia, C. | Schneider, L. | Iwaszuk, E. | McDonald, H. | Frelih-Larsen, A. | Duin, L. | Davis, M.
Year of publication: 01 / 2022

Nature-based Solutions (NbS) build synergies between biodiversity conservation and societal challenges such as climate change. This paper derives a working definition of NbS based on an evaluation of existing definitions, in particular…

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Averaging or multi-year accounting? Environmental integrity implications for using international carbon markets in the context of single-year targets

authors: Siemons, A. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Under the Paris Agreement, most countries have communicated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) with mitigation targets for a single year. Single-year targets present considerable challenges when countries use international carbon…

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Methodology for assessing the quality of carbon credits

Version 1.0

authors: Schneider, L. | Fallasch, F. | De León, F. | Rambharos, M. | Wissner, N. | Colbert-Sangree, T. | Progscha, S. | Schallert, B. | Holler, J. | Kizzier, K. | Petsonk, A. | Hanafi, A. | Barata, P. | Ogata, C. | Stuart, W. | Jones, D.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Carbon markets with high-quality credits could play an important role in raising the ambition of climate action and help close the gap between current climate commitments and the necessary decarbonisation of the global economy. If carbon…

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The potential impact of transitioning CDM units and activities to the Paris Agreement

Understanding implications of key policy choices on the table in Glasgow

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Warnecke, C.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

This presentation includes updated research by NewClimate Institute and Öko-Institut on the potential transition of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to the Paris Agreement, as discussed by Parties under Article 6 of the Paris…

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Attribution: A practical guide to navigating the blending of climate finance and carbon markets

Final Report September 2021

authors: Spalding-Fecher, R. | Kohli, A. | Fallasch, F. | Brown, P. | Füssler, J. | Broekhoff, J. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 09 / 2021

Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement will require an unprecedented scale of financing for low-carbon and climate-resilient development. This poses a particular challenge to developing countries. The current financial flows from…

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Analysis of options for determining OMGE, SOP and Transition within Article 6

Implications of policy decisions for international crediting under the Paris Agreement

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Fyson, C. | Warnecke, C. | Qui, K. | Gidden, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

This report explores three key unresolved issues in international negotations on the rules for international carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: achieving an overall mitigation in global emissions (OMGE), collecting a…

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Options for regulating the climate impacts of aviation

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Aviation is the most environmentally-damaging mode of transport and contributes substantially to global warming. At the same time, aviation enjoys numerous privileges compared to other modes of transport. Kerosene is exempt from the…

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