A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Attribution of new activity codes for installations with old codes in the EEA’s EU ETS data viewer

authors: Gores, S. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 04 / 2016

All installations for which old codes are reported in the EUTL have been translated following the method described in this document for the display in the EEA EU ETS data viewer. This allocation can only be an expert guess, as more…

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EU effort sharing for the 2021-2030 period

Setting GHG emission targets for EU Member States

Year of publication: 02 / 2016

The paper develops and evaluates different options for determining annual emission allocations by Member State under a new Effort Sharing Decision for the 2021 to 2030 period based on the conclusions of the European Council of October…

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Enhanced flexibilities for the EU’s 2030 Effort Sharing Decision

Report prepared for Carbon Market Watch

Year of publication: 06 / 2015

The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) for the 2013-2020 period is a centerpiece of Europe’s climate legislation as it sets annual emission reduction targets for each Member State for the greenhouse gas emissions from the transport, building,…

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Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for international shipping

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, V. | Faber, J. | Nelissen, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2015

The latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change suggests that in 2050 global greenhouse gas emissions need to be 40 to 70% below their 2010 levels in order to prevent a global temperature increase of more than 2°C…

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Sectors Under Scrutiny: Evaluation of Indicators to Assess the Risk of Carbon Leakage in the UK and Germany

authors: Sato, M. | Neuhoff, K. | Graichen, V. | Schumacher, K. | Matthes, F.
Year of publication: 01 / 2015

One of the central debates surrounding the design of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme is the approach to address carbon leakage concerns. Correctly identifying the economic activities exposed to the risk of carbon leakage…

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Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2015

Technical report No 14/2015

authors: Cludius, J. | Graichen, V. | Gores, S. | Healy, S. | Zell-Ziegler, C. | Dejean, F.
Year of publication: 01 / 2015

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU ETS, based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also analyses the balance between…

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An Aviation Carbon Offset Scheme (ACOS)

authors: Cames, M. | Gores, S. | Graichen, V. | Keimeyer, F. | Faber, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2014

This paper provides a concept for the design of the Aviation Carbon Offset Scheme (ACOS) and aims at overcoming the deadlock that has continued for many years between developed and developing countries, hindering an agreement on…

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Options for non-ETS target setting in 2030

Oeko-Institut Working Paper 1/2014

Year of publication: 05 / 2014

The aim of this briefing paper is to explore options for 2030 non-ETS target setting, which may be accepted by all Member States. In order to build consensus on an approach to non-ETS effort sharing in 2030, it is necessary to have a…

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The Merit Order Effect of Wind and Photovoltaic Electricity Generation in Germany 2008-2016

Estimation and Distributional Implications

authors: Cludius, J. | Hermann, H. | Matthes, F. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 01 / 2014

This paper estimates the merit order effects of wind and PV between 2008-2016 and uses results to discuss redistributive implications of the German Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz – EEG) in light of current…

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Trends and projections in Europe 2013 – Tracking progress towards Europe`s climate and energy targets until 2020

EEA Report No 10/2013

authors: Herold, A. | Hermann, H. | Graichen, V. | Cludius, J. | Gores, S. | et al.
Year of publication: 10 / 2013

This report provide an assessment of the progress of the EU and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy policy objectives. These targets include international commitments pursuant the KP and the EU 2020…

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Comparison of GHG contribution for a climate fund and an Emissions Trading Scheme in the shipping sector

authors: Graichen, V. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 09 / 2013

Several options for market-based mechanisms were proposed to reduce emissions from international shipping. Two of them are presented and compared in this paper: an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and a GHG fund generated by a GHG…

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The GHG fund and the ETS: finding common ground

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, V. | Faber, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2013

The shipping sector contributes with around 3.2 % to worldwide CO2-emissions and its emissions are expected to grow in the future. Two market based mechanisms have been proposed by EU countries to address the climate impacts and reflect…

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GHG Mitigation in the EU: An overview of the current policy landscape

authors: Förster, H. | Cludius, J. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 11 / 2012

In 2009, the European Union (EU) pledged a unilateral greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target of 20 percent below 1990 levels by 2020, rising to 30 percent if “other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emission reductions”…

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The Cost of Inaction

Auctioning revenues under different climate ambition scenarios for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

authors: Hermann, H. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 11 / 2012

The aim of the study is to show how the analysed scenarios impact the auctioning revenues for the different Member States and the extent to which they affect industrial sectors covered by the EU ETS Directive.

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Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2012 - Tracking progress towards Kyoto and 2020 targets

authors: Herold, A. | Hermann, H. | Graichen, V. | Gores, S. | Döring, U. | Emele, L. | Scheffler, M.
Year of publication: 10 / 2012

This report presents an overview of the progress achieved so far by the EU, its Member States and other EEA member countries towards their respective targets under the Kyoto Protocol and the EU burden-sharing agreement, as well as 2020…

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Free allocation of emission allowances and CDM/JI credits within the EU ETS

Analysis of selected industries and companies in Germany

authors: Hermann, H. | Graichen, V. | Gammelin, C. | Matthes, F.
Year of publication: 12 / 2010

The first two trading periods of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) included extensive free allocation of emission allowances.

Since the carbon price is passed on – in an economically rational way – to the electricity price in the…

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Blueprint Germany

A strategy for a climate-safe 2050

authors: Kirchner, A. | Schlesinger, M. | Weinmann, B. | Hofer, P. | Rits, V. | Wünsch, M. | Koepp, M. | Kemper, L. | Zweers, U. | Strassburg, S. | Ley, A. | Matthes, F. | Busche, J. | Graichen, V. | Zimmer, W. | Hermann, H. | Penninger, G. | Mohr, L. | Ziesing, H. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 10 / 2009

Drastic reductions of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions worldwide by 2050 are needed to limit the rise in the global temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. An international roadmap towards such reductions will succeed only…

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Blueprint Germany

A strategy for a climate safe 2050

authors: Matthes, F. | Busche, J. | Graichen, V. | Zimmer, W. | Hermann, H. | Penninger, G. | Mohr, M. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 06 / 2009

‘Blueprint Germany’, which has been prepared by Prognos, Öko-Institut and Dr. Ziesing on behalf of WWF, shows that the transformation from a high-carbon to a low-carbon economy is possible and affordable. By committing to this…

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Impacts of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme on the industrial competitiveness in Germany

authors: Graichen, V. | Schumacher, K. | Matthes, F. | Mohr, L. | Duscha, V. | Schleich, J. | Diekmann, J.
Year of publication: 09 / 2008

The aim of this paper is to assess the following issues

  • Which sectors in Germany may face significant increases in direct or indirect costs because of the EU ETS?
  • Which sectors are likely to face a high exposure to international…

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The EU Emissions Trading Scheme in numbers

ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2007/2

authors: Graichen, J. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 01 / 2007

The EU Emissions Trading Scheme is one of the main and most prominent measures of the EU for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reaching its Kyoto target. One of the main sources for information on the scheme is the community…

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