A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Outside in? Using international carbon markets for mitigation not covered by nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Howard, A. | Kizzier, K. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 10 / 2019

The Paris Agreement establishes provisions for using international carbon market mechanisms to achieve nationally determined contribution (NDCs). In international negotiations on the rules governing the Agreement, an important question…

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EU Environment and Climate Change Policies

State of play, current and future challenges

Year of publication: 09 / 2019

This study reviews the state of play of on environmental and climate legislation in the EU and pinpoints key challenges for the next five years. Part 1 of this study summarizes the status of EU legislation, major EU targets and…

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Summary of the 2019 Aviation Decarbonization Forum

authors: Cames, M. | et al.
Year of publication: 02 / 2019

On February 12, 2019, at the Hotel AC Montreal, ICSA hosted the Aviation Decarbonization Forum - an exclusive event for ICAO Council members, permanent representatives, and their advisers to receive the most comprehensive, up-to-date…

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IMO’s challenges on the route to decarbonising international shipping Key Issues at Stake at the 72nd Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cames, M. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 03 / 2018

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C.…

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Key Issues at Stake at the 71st Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 71)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cook, V. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 06 / 2017

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C.…

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Support to an impact assessment of an EU ETS review and possible proposal

Final report - Study

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, J. | Gibson, G. | Horton, G. | Jones, L. | Kirsch, F. | Biedka, M. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2016

This is the Final Report on a study to support an impact assessment of options for the EU ETS for Aviation following the completion of the Stop-the-Clock derogation at the end of 2016. The report provides a brief overview of the problem…

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International market mechanisms after Paris

Discussion Paper

authors: Cames, M. | Healy, S. | Tänzler, D. | Li, L. | Melnikova, J. | Warnecke, C. | Kurdziel, M.
Year of publication: 11 / 2016

Our analysis suggests that the purpose of international carbon markets has changed. While increasing economic efficiency was more prominent during the first development phase of international carbon markets, raising mitigation ambition…

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Market mechanisms under the Paris Climate Protection Agreement

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | et al.
Year of publication: 11 / 2016

In preparation for the next international climate change conference in Marrakech (07 to 18/11/2016) three discussion papers were developed on behalf of the German Environment Agency. These deal with the key issues for discussion and…

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How additional is the Clean Development Mechanism?

Analysis of the application of current tools and proposed alternatives

authors: Cames, M. | Harthan, R. | Füssler, J. | Lazarus, M. | Lee, C. | Erickson, P. | Spalding-Fecher, R.
Year of publication: 03 / 2016

While this study provides important insights to improve the CDM up to 2020, the approach taken in this study could also be applied more generally both to assess the environmental integrity of other compliance offset mechanisms, as well…

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Cost impacts of ICAO’s Global Market-Based Mechanism

Briefing paper

authors: Cames, M. | van Velzen, A.
Year of publication: 01 / 2016

Introducing a Global Market-Based Mechanism (GMBM) for aviation with a requirement to offset emissions above the 2020 baseline would induce additional costs for purchasing offset units. These costs were estimated with the AERO Modelling…

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Emission Reduction Targets for International Aviation and Shipping

Year of publication: 11 / 2015

This study commissioned by the European Parliament provides an overview of potential CO2 mitigation targets for international aviation and maritime transport and analyses which targets would be compatible with the global long-term goal…

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Availability of offsets for a global market-based mechanism for international aviation

Briefing paper

author: Cames, M.
Year of publication: 10 / 2015

At its 37th Assembly, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) agreed a global aspirational goal of Carbon Neutral Growth by 2020 (CNG 2020). In 2013, ICAO established working groups for developing a Global Market-Based…

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Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for international shipping

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, V. | Faber, J. | Nelissen, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2015

The latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change suggests that in 2050 global greenhouse gas emissions need to be 40 to 70% below their 2010 levels in order to prevent a global temperature increase of more than 2°C…

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Delivering Results-Based Funding Through Crediting Mechanisms

Assessment of Key Design Options

authors: Schneider, L. | Spalding-Fecher, R. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 01 / 2015

This study explores how results-based funding could be delivered effectively by using tools and processes of crediting mechanisms. The study focuses on key design aspects for programmes using crediting mechanisms, including the…

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The Developement of Climate Negotiations in view of Lima (COP 20)

Year of publication: 11 / 2014

GHG emissions targets for international shipping

author: Cames, M.
Year of publication: 09 / 2014

An Aviation Carbon Offset Scheme (ACOS)

authors: Cames, M. | Gores, S. | Graichen, V. | Keimeyer, F. | Faber, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2014

This paper provides a concept for the design of the Aviation Carbon Offset Scheme (ACOS) and aims at overcoming the deadlock that has continued for many years between developed and developing countries, hindering an agreement on…

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Options for continuing GHG abatement from CDM and JI industrial gas projects

authors: Schneider, L. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2014

This study, commissioned by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), focuses on options to ensure continued GHG abatement from HFC-23 and N2O CDM/JI projects. The study finds that…

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Comparison of GHG contribution for a climate fund and an Emissions Trading Scheme in the shipping sector

authors: Graichen, V. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 09 / 2013

Several options for market-based mechanisms were proposed to reduce emissions from international shipping. Two of them are presented and compared in this paper: an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and a GHG fund generated by a GHG…

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The GHG fund and the ETS: finding common ground

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, V. | Faber, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2013

The shipping sector contributes with around 3.2 % to worldwide CO2-emissions and its emissions are expected to grow in the future. Two market based mechanisms have been proposed by EU countries to address the climate impacts and reflect…

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