Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Designing Governance Structures and Transactional Documentation for Mitigation Outcome Transactions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Summary Report

authors: Spalding-Fecher, R. | Martin, M. | Saines, R. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

This report aims to assist host countries of climate mitigation projects in creating the governance frameworks needed to make decisions on the engagement in international carbon market transactions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.…

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ETC/CME Report 8/2020

Trends and projections under the Effort Sharing Legislation. Overview on developments and drivers

authors: Graichen, J. | Gores, S. | Schmid, C. | Mandl, N.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

This report provides an analysis of the progress of the European Union, its Member States as well as Iceland, Norway and United Kingdom in reducing greenhouse gas emissions under the Effort Sharing legislation between 2005 and 2030. The…

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Advancing REACH - REACH and substitution

Final report

authors: Bunke, D. | Löw, C. | Moch, K. | Reihlen, A. | Reineke, N.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Enhancing substitution of substances of concern with less hazardous alternatives will remain a key challenge for chemicals management in the coming years and is a central aim of REACH. This study analyses the support of substitution,…

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Voluntary offsetting: credits and allowances

Report

authors: Doda, B. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Cames, M. | Healy, S. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

To date, the supply of units for the voluntary carbon market has been almost exclusively in the form of credits generated by climate protection projects elsewhere. This report analyses the merits and challenges of another possible source…

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Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap - Policy field synthetic e-fuels

authors: Cames, M. | Böttcher, H. | Fuentes Hutfilter, U. | Wilson, R.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement requires increased global climate action, especially towards the production and use of synthetic e-fuels. This paper focuses on aviation and maritime transport and the role of green hydrogen for…

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Averaging or multi-year accounting?

Implications for environmental integrity of carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Single-year targets present considerable challenges if countries use international carbon markets to achieve their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. This paper assesses the environmental integrity…

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Towards a More Realistic Cost–Benefit Analysis

Attempting to Integrate Transaction Costs and Energy Efficiency Services

authors: Adisorn, T. | Tholen, L. | Thema, J. | Lütkehaus, H. | Braungardt, S. | Hünecke, K. | Schumacher, K.
Year of publication: 12 / 2020

In order to calculate the financial return of energy efficiency measures, a cost–benefit analysis (CBA) is a proven tool for investors. Generally, however, most CBAs for investors have a narrow focus, which is — simply speaking — on…

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Country profiles - greenhouse gases and energy 2020

authors: Förster, H. | Winger, C. | Qoul, C.
Year of publication: 12 / 2020

This dashboard presents country profiles containing key data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, renewable energy and energy efficiency for each EU Member State. These country profiles support and complement the assessment of progress…

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ETC/CME Report 3/2020

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2020

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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Wanted: A New 2030 Climate Target for the EU

An analysis of key choices for the ambition and scope of a 2030 target

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

In November 2019, the European Commission announced a European Green Deal to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. EU legislators endorsed this goal but are still grappling with a new 2030 target. On 11 December 2020, heads of state agreed…

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EEA Report No 15/2020: Fluorinated greenhouse gases 2020

authors: Jörß, W. | Ludig, S. | Liste, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2020

Data reported by companies on the production, import, export and destruction of fluorinated greenhouse gases in the European Union, 2007-2019

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EEA Report No 13/2020

Trends and projections in Europe 2020

authors: Förster, H. | Gores, S. | Nissen, C. | Siemons, A. | Renders, N. | Dael, S. | Sporer, M. | Tomescu, M.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Tracking progress towards Europe’s climate and energy targets. The annual ‘Trends and projections’ report provides an assessment of the progress of the EU and European countries towards their climate mitigation and energy targets. It is…

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Overview of climate finance flows in the agricultural sector

Background paper

authors: Fallasch, F. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Achieving the socio-economic transformation towards greenhouse gas neutrality in the second half of this century, as agreed in the Paris Agreement, requires an unprecedented effort to realign public and private investments across all…

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Climate action and agriculture in international processes and options for future work outside UNFCCC

Background paper

authors: Urrutia, C. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

This paper explores possible alternatives for multilateral processes to address agriculture and climate change outside of the UNFCCC and its Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA). It assesses whether other multilateral processes,…

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CDM supply potential for emission reductions up to the end of 2020

authors: Ishikawa, T. | Yamasaki, S. | Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Warnecke, C. | Hemmi, T. | Yamaguchi, K. | Takahashi, K.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

The transition of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) issued under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for use by Parties towards their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is a key outstanding issue for Article 6 negotiations…

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Challenges for electricity network governance in whole system change: Insights from energy transition in Norway

authors: Bauknecht, D. | Dahl Andersen, A. | Tornes Dunne, K.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Once transitions progress beyond the start-up phase, niche technologies diffuse more widely to generate important knock-on effects in a focal sector. This entails a need for moving beyond niches to embrace a 'whole system perspective'.…

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Demand flexibility and what it can contribute in Germany

Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Published in: "Variable Generation, Flexible Demand 1st Edition", Editor: Fereidoon Sioshansi, Paperback ISBN: 9780128238103 , eBook ISBN: 9780128241912, Imprint: Academic Press, Published Date: 18th November 2020, Page Count: 594

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Sustainable Resource Output

Towards an Approach to a Multidimensional Environmental Assessment of Biomass Production

authors: Böttcher, H. | Hennenberg, K. | Wiegmann, K. | Scheffler, M. | Hansen, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Article published in: "Sustainable Development and Resource Productivity - The Nexus Approaches"

Edited By Harry Lehmann, Copyright Year 2021, ISBN 9780367429546, Published November 18, 2020 by Routledge, 386 Pages 56 Color…

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Offset credit supply potential for CORSIA

Annex 2

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Warnecke, C. | Schneider, L. | Broekhoff, D. | La Hoz Theuer, S.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

This discussion paper assesses how robust accounting could be implemented under the Paris Agreement in order to avoid double counting between nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for…

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Waste tyre management

Baseline study for Ghana

authors: Arthur, E. | Dorfiah, P. | Hilbert, I. | Nartey Kyere, V. | Kwesi Ocran, P. | Atiemo, S. | Manhart, A. | Nyaaba, L.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

This report was produced within the second phase of the Ghanaian part of the programme on Sustainable Recycling Industries (SRI). The report contains an overview of environmentally sound management options for waste tyres, the current…

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