A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Can current EU climate policy reliably achieve climate neutrality by 2050?

Post-2030 crunch issues for the move to a net zero economy

authors: Duwe, M. | Graichen, J. | Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 03 / 2023

The “Fit For 55” package represents a step towards a transformative EU climate policy architecture but is not yet fully capable of facilitating climate neutrality. Key issues to be resolved for post-2030 climate policy include the…

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The Rush for Metals in the Deep Sea

Considerations on Deep-Sea Mining

authors: Manhart, A. | McLennan, A.
Year of publication: 02 / 2023

This report aims at supporting related decision-making by highlighting selected aspects around raw material supply and deep-sea mining. It does not have the ambition to provide a holistic assessment of all environmental, economic, social…

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End-of-life management in solar energy access projects

Measures catalogue

authors: Manhart, A. | Michalscheck, M. | Schleicher, T. | Hilbert, I.
Year of publication: 12 / 2022

Enabling universal access to modern and clean forms of energy (SDG 7) ranks high on the global agenda and is supported by various donors and implementing organisations. Through these efforts, large numbers of energy access installations…

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Policy brief: Supporting households in the energy price crisis

A comparative analysis of approaches in Germany, Poland and Romania

authors: Cludius, J. | Vornicu-Chira, A. | Gutowski, P. | Eden, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2022

Since the second half of 2021, the EU is experiencing a sharp rise in energy prices, mainly caused by an unprecedented increase in the price of natural gas. In 2021, demand for energy increased as the global economy recovered after Covid…

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Impact of a ban of fossil heating technologies on NECPS and national energy dependency

authors: Braungardt, S. | Bürger, V. | Stein, V.
Year of publication: 07 / 2022

This report investigates the potential impact of an EU ban on sales of fossil boilers on achievement of existing targets for heating decarbonisation and energy dependency of the individual Member States.

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Renewable space heating under the revised Renewable Energy Directive

ENER/C1/2018-494 : final report

authors: Kranzl, L. | Fallahnejad, M. | Büchele, R. | Müller, A. | Hummel, M. | Fleiter, T. | Mandel, T. | Bagheri, M. | Deac, G. | Bernath, C. | Miosga, J. | Kiefer, C. | Fragoso, J. | Braungardt, S. | Bürger, V. | Spasova, D. | Viegand, J. | Naeraa, R. | Forthuber, S.
Year of publication: 06 / 2022

Space and water heating accounts for almost one third of the European final energy consumption. Thus, the sector needs special attention in the decarbonisation process. This study aims to provide a better information basis for policy…

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Policy support for heating and cooling decarbonisation


authors: Gerard, F. | Smit, T. | Rademaekers, K. | Braungardt, S. | Monejar Montagud, . | Guevara Opinska, L.
Year of publication: 06 / 2022

The heating and cooling (H&C) sector is responsible for a central part of the EU’s energy demand, representing roughly half of the final energy consumption. As such, the decarbonisation of the H&C sector is crucial for a successful…

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The Social Climate Fund – Opportunities and Challenges for the buildings sector

authors: Braungardt, S. | Schumacher, K. | Ritter, D. | Hünecke, K. | Philipps, Z.
Year of publication: 06 / 2022

The objective of this study is to analyse the Social Climate Fund (SCF) proposal with respect to the following questions Is the SCF designed to fulfill this promise? Is the budget allocated in a solidary way across Member States…

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Use of E-catalogues in Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP)

Overview of current practices

authors: McLennan, A. | Prakash, S.
Year of publication: 05 / 2022

This pre-study attempts to summarise existing definitions, where they exist, of e-catalogues as developed by key actors in the definition of public procurement practices and present these alongside existing international examples of…

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City Gold – Metal Stocks with a Future

A Guide

authors: Buchert, M. | Bulach, W.
Year of publication: 04 / 2022

The project "KartAL III - Mapping of the Anthropogenic Stock III", commissioned by the Federal Environment Agency, focuses on the recovery options and expected material flows of seven metals and its alloys. In order to significantly…

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Management of End-of-life Flat Panel Displays through E-waste Compensation in Nigeria

Feasibility study on options for developing environmentally sound recycling solutions in Nigeria

authors: Schleicher, T. | Manhart, A. | Hilbert, I. | Smit, R. | Jung, H. | Adogame, L.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

The following study addresses the possibilities for responsible management of end-of-life flat panel displays in Nigeria. For this, it explores types of flat panel displays, their markets as well as responsible options for suitable…

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Study on Greening Cloud Computing and Electronic Communications Services and Networks

Towards Climate Neutrality by 2050

authors: Bilsen, V. | Gröger, J. | Devriendt, W. | Liu, R. | Gaušas, S. | Behrens, F. | Bley, F. | Carpentier, M. | Duchêne, V. | Köhler, A. | Lecocq, C. | Legein, E. | Quack, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

The digital transformation currently taking place is characterised by an increase in the amount of data that needs to be collected, processed, stored and transmitted. This results in an expansion of the information and communication…

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Impact Assessment Report for an amendment of Regulation (EU) 517/2014 on fluorinated greenhouse gases

CLIMA.A2/ETU/2019/0016 - Impact Assessment Final Report

authors: Gschrey, B. | Behringer, D. | Kleinschmidt, J. | Jörß, W. | Liste, V. | Ludig, S. | Wissner, N. | Birchby, D. | Dubey, J. | Hekman, J.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

This report presents the findings of ‘Task 3: Develop options and recommendations for the review of the Regulation and assess their impacts’ under the ‘Support contract for an Evaluation and Impact Assessment for amending Regulation (EC)…

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Evaluation Report for Regulation (EU) 517/2014 on fluorinated greenhouse gases

CLIMA.A2/ETU/2019/0016 - Evaluation Final Report

authors: Birchby, D. | Dubey, J. | Johansen, B. | Hekman, J. | Gschrey, B. | Behringer, D. | Kleinschmidt, J. | Jörß, W. | Liste, V. | Ludig, S. | Wissner, N.
Year of publication: 03 / 2022

This report presents the findings of ‘Task 2: Evaluate current EU F-gas policy’ under the Support contract for an Evaluation and Impact Assessment for amending Regulation (EC) No 517/2014 on fluorinated greenhouse gases (hereinafter:…

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Hydrogen fact sheet – Argentina

authors: Heinemann, C. | Jakob, M. | Ritter, D. | Dünzen, K.
Year of publication: 02 / 2022

Argentina offers some of the largest potentials for low costs hydrogen based on renewable electricity in the world. This is due to high average wind speeds and in addition high solar irradiation throughout large areas of the country.…

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Energy Vulnerability and Energy Poverty: Experience and Approaches in the EU

Working Paper 9/2021

authors: Cludius, J. | Noka, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

The energy transition represents both an opportunity and a challenge for the European Union (EU). Analysis shows that an absolute energy-related household expenses could rise until 2030 after which the share of energy-related expenses as…

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Barrier Analysis and Strategies for Ecolabels and Sustainable Public Procurement Implementation

Commonly encountered barriers and strategies for successful implementation

authors: Prakash, S. | Schleicher, T. | Michalscheck, M.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

The following compilation of common barriers contains a short description of each challenge and possible strategies for successfully overcoming these, including references to further information and best practices. The strategies…

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Support for an impact assessment on measures to address the risk of carbon leakage in the light of any increase in climate ambition

authors: Graichen, V. | Healy, S. | et al.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

This report presents analysis undertaken to support the European Commission’s impact assessment for the revision of the Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), in relation to measures to address the risk of carbon leakage in the light of any…

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Phase-out regulations for fossil fuel boilers at EU and national level

authors: Braungardt, S. | Keimeyer, F. | Bürger, V. | Tezak, B. | Klinski, S.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

Implementing circular economy in Mexico: Recommendations for strategies against obsolescence of smartphones & textiles

authors: Sohns, I. | Meister, M. | Prakash, S. | López Hernández, V. | Itzchel, J. | Ruiz, N. | López Mérida, G. | González Osorio, L. | Calderón Valesco, M.
Year of publication: 09 / 2021

The aim of this document is to draw attention to necessary reforms of the legal and economic framework in the area of "circular economy", waste prevention and product obsolescence. In addition, the potential of the circular economy for…

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