How to best differentiate methods and technologies for establishing and enhancing carbon sinks?

Short Typology of Carbon Dioxide Removals

This fact sheet presents a suggested typology of Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) that serves as a basis for

  • introducing and defining key terminology around CDR,
  • differentiating general methods of CDR regarding their effectiveness to remove CO2, and
  • characterising concrete CDR technologies for assessing the environmental impacts of their implementation.

The paper aims to stimulate the public debate by highlighting key aspects and implications of CDR activities that should be taken into account in implementing future policy-making promoting CDR. This is particularly relevant with regards to the current policy process of developing an EU Carbon Removal Certification Framework (CRCF) that will define a process for certifying CDR activities at EU level and set quality criteria which such activities will need to fulfil.