Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis?

Year of publication: 05 / 2020

This paper analyses a recent proposal by the aviation industry to change the scheme in the light of the COVID-19 crisis. We find that the proposal delays climate action by the industry for several years and could reduce the overall…

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ETC/CME Report 3/2019

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2019

Year of publication: 12 / 2019

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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The role of the EU ETS in increasing EU climate ambition

Assessment of policy options

Year of publication: 10 / 2019

At present, the EU is targeting to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 40% below 1990 levels by 2030, but this target falls short of meeting the targets of the Paris Agreement. A significant increase in the ambition of EU climate…

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EU Environment and Climate Change Policies

State of play, current and future challenges

Year of publication: 09 / 2019

This study reviews the state of play of on environmental and climate legislation in the EU and pinpoints key challenges for the next five years. Part 1 of this study summarizes the status of EU legislation, major EU targets and…

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Aviation in the EU Emission Trading System

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2019

Presentation by Jakob Graichen at the Conference on carbon pricing and aviation taxes, Den Haag, 21th June 2019

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Impact of slow steaming for bulk carriers

Assessment of the impacts on transport costs for different ship sizes

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2019

Presentation by Jakob Graichen, IMO ISWG-GHG Side Event, 7 May 2019, London

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Impact of slow steaming for different types of ships carrying bulk cargo

authors: Healy, S. | Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2019

The Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MPEC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted an ‘Initial IMO strategy on [the] reduction of GHG emissions from ships’ on the 13th of April, 2018 (MEPC 2018). Within the…

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NDC Accounting Rules

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A. | Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 09 / 2018

The requirement to account for the emissions and removals corresponding to the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) was introduced nearly three years ago by the Parties to the UNFCCC. Since then, there have been further…

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Accounting of Nationally Determined Contributions

Guidance for the Establishment of an Accounting for NDCs for absolute or relative mitigation targets with a baseline

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2018

The general NDC accounting guide is applicable to quantified absolute mitigation targets and mitigation targets relating to an emissions baseline. It includes a proposal on the accounting for several mitigation targets comprised in an…

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Destination Paris: Why the EU’s climate policy will derail without energy efficiency

authors: Rosenow, J. | Graichen, J. | Scheuer, S.
Year of publication: 04 / 2018

Without bold energy efficiency policies, it will be impossible to reach the goals articulated in the Paris Agreement. This is the main finding of authors from the Regulatory Assistance Project, Öko-Institut, and Stefan Scheuer…

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IMO’s challenges on the route to decarbonising international shipping Key Issues at Stake at the 72nd Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cames, M. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 03 / 2018

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C.…

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Does the Effort Sharing Regulation require sufficient emission reductions to meet the EU 2030 target?

Oeko-Institut Working Paper 7/2017

authors: Graichen, J. | Jörß, W.
Year of publication: 11 / 2017

This paper analyses the legislative proposal of the European Commission and the negotiating positions of the Council and the Parliament related to the EU Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR). The ESR sets the framework for the reduction of…

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International Climate Initiatives – A way forward to close the emissions gap?

Initiatives’ potential and role under the Paris Agreement - Final Report

authors: Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Siemons, A. | Höhne, N. | Kuramochi, T. | Gonzales-Zuñiga, S. | Sterl, S. | Kersting, J. | Wachsmuth, J.
Year of publication: 09 / 2017

Current commitments under the Paris Agreement are not sufficient to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels; the UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2015 showed that a mitigation gap of 14  GtCO2e exists for 2030.…

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Key Issues at Stake at the 71st Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 71)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cook, V. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 06 / 2017

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C.…

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Environmental Integrity under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Füssler, J. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Kohli, A. | Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Broekhoff, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2017

This discussion paper explores key issues and options to achieve environmental integrity under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. It proposes that environmental integrity in context of Article 6 means that using international transfers…

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Support to an impact assessment of an EU ETS review and possible proposal

Final report - Study

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, J. | Gibson, G. | Horton, G. | Jones, L. | Kirsch, F. | Biedka, M. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2016

This is the Final Report on a study to support an impact assessment of options for the EU ETS for Aviation following the completion of the Stop-the-Clock derogation at the end of 2016. The report provides a brief overview of the problem…

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Targets for the non-ETS sectors in 2040 and 2050

Report prepared for Transport & Environment

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 12 / 2016

The paper explores different options to calculate a target for the Effort Sharing sectors in 2050 which could be considered in line with the Paris Agreement and with the agreed EU’s overall target range. While there is no objective best…

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Market mechanisms under the Paris Climate Protection Agreement

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | et al.
Year of publication: 11 / 2016

In preparation for the next international climate change conference in Marrakech (07 to 18/11/2016) three discussion papers were developed on behalf of the German Environment Agency. These deal with the key issues for discussion and…

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Climate initiatives, national contributions and the Paris Agreement

Draft Discussion Paper evaluating the GHG mitigation contribution of global, regional and national initiatives in relation to nationally determined contributions

authors: Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Siemons, A. | Höhne, N. | Kuramochi, T. | Gonzales-Zuñiga, S. | Sterl, S. | Kersting, J. | Wachsmuth, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2016

Based on an analysis of about 180 international climate initiatives we analysed the potential impact of these initiatives on GHG emissions, shared elements of initiatives which have a high impact and the relationship between such…

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EU effort sharing for the 2021-2030 period

Setting GHG emission targets for EU Member States

Year of publication: 02 / 2016

The paper develops and evaluates different options for determining annual emission allocations by Member State under a new Effort Sharing Decision for the 2021 to 2030 period based on the conclusions of the European Council of October…

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