Publications

A list of publications by Oeko-Institut which are available online can be found here. Subscribe to Oeko-Institut's latest publications as RSS feed.

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Impact of slow steaming for bulk carriers

Assessment of the impacts on transport costs for different ship sizes

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2019

Presentation by Jakob Graichen, IMO ISWG-GHG Side Event, 7 May 2019, London

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Impact of slow steaming for different types of ships carrying bulk cargo

authors: Healy, S. | Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2019

The Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MPEC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted an ‘Initial IMO strategy on [the] reduction of GHG emissions from ships’ on the 13th of April, 2018 (MEPC 2018). Within the...

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NDC Accounting Rules

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A. | Böttcher, H.
Year of publication: 09 / 2018

The requirement to account for the emissions and removals corresponding to the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) was introduced nearly three years ago by the Parties to the UNFCCC. Since then, there have been further...

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Accounting of Nationally Determined Contributions

Guidance for the Establishment of an Accounting for NDCs for absolute or relative mitigation targets with a baseline

authors: Graichen, J. | Blank, D. | Graichen, V. | Harthan, R. | Herold, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2018

The general NDC accounting guide is applicable to quantified absolute mitigation targets and mitigation targets relating to an emissions baseline. It includes a proposal on the accounting for several mitigation targets comprised in an...

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Destination Paris: Why the EU’s climate policy will derail without energy efficiency

authors: Rosenow, J. | Graichen, J. | Scheuer, S.
Year of publication: 04 / 2018

Without bold energy efficiency policies, it will be impossible to reach the goals articulated in the Paris Agreement. This is the main finding of authors from the Regulatory Assistance Project, Öko-Institut, and Stefan Scheuer...

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IMO’s challenges on the route to decarbonising international shipping Key Issues at Stake at the 72nd Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cames, M. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 03 / 2018

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C....

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Does the Effort Sharing Regulation require sufficient emission reductions to meet the EU 2030 target?

Oeko-Institut Working Paper 7/2017

authors: Graichen, J. | Jörß, W.
Year of publication: 11 / 2017

This paper analyses the legislative proposal of the European Commission and the negotiating positions of the Council and the Parliament related to the EU Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR). The ESR sets the framework for the reduction of...

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International Climate Initiatives – A way forward to close the emissions gap?

Initiatives’ potential and role under the Paris Agreement - Final Report

authors: Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Siemons, A. | Höhne, N. | Kuramochi, T. | Gonzales-Zuñiga, S. | Sterl, S. | Kersting, J. | Wachsmuth, J.
Year of publication: 09 / 2017

Current commitments under the Paris Agreement are not sufficient to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels; the UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2015 showed that a mitigation gap of 14  GtCO2e exists for 2030....

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Key Issues at Stake at the 71st Session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 71)

authors: Graichen, J. | Cook, V. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 06 / 2017

Despite efficiency improvements, CO2 emissions from international shipping are projected to be two to five times higher in 2050 than in 1990. At the Paris climate conference, countries agreed to limit climate change to well below 2°C....

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Environmental Integrity under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Füssler, J. | La Hoz Theuer, S. | Kohli, A. | Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Broekhoff, D.
Year of publication: 03 / 2017

This discussion paper explores key issues and options to achieve environmental integrity under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. It proposes that environmental integrity in context of Article 6 means that using international transfers...

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Support to an impact assessment of an EU ETS review and possible proposal

Final report - Study

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, J. | Gibson, G. | Horton, G. | Jones, L. | Kirsch, F. | Biedka, M. | Graichen, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2016

This is the Final Report on a study to support an impact assessment of options for the EU ETS for Aviation following the completion of the Stop-the-Clock derogation at the end of 2016. The report provides a brief overview of the problem...

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Targets for the non-ETS sectors in 2040 and 2050

Report prepared for Transport & Environment

author: Graichen, J.
Year of publication: 12 / 2016

The paper explores different options to calculate a target for the Effort Sharing sectors in 2050 which could be considered in line with the Paris Agreement and with the agreed EU’s overall target range. While there is no objective best...

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Market mechanisms under the Paris Climate Protection Agreement

authors: Cames, M. | Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | et al.
Year of publication: 11 / 2016

In preparation for the next international climate change conference in Marrakech (07 to 18/11/2016) three discussion papers were developed on behalf of the German Environment Agency. These deal with the key issues for discussion and...

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Climate initiatives, national contributions and the Paris Agreement

Draft Discussion Paper evaluating the GHG mitigation contribution of global, regional and national initiatives in relation to nationally determined contributions

authors: Graichen, J. | Healy, S. | Siemons, A. | Höhne, N. | Kuramochi, T. | Gonzales-Zuñiga, S. | Sterl, S. | Kersting, J. | Wachsmuth, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2016

Based on an analysis of about 180 international climate initiatives we analysed the potential impact of these initiatives on GHG emissions, shared elements of initiatives which have a high impact and the relationship between such...

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EU effort sharing for the 2021-2030 period

Setting GHG emission targets for EU Member States

Year of publication: 02 / 2016

The paper develops and evaluates different options for determining annual emission allocations by Member State under a new Effort Sharing Decision for the 2021 to 2030 period based on the conclusions of the European Council of October...

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Going beyond 40% - options to ensure LULUCF maintains the high environmental integrity of the EU climate and energy package

Report prepared for Fern

Year of publication: 01 / 2016

The aim of this study is to develop options to identify LULUCF credits with high environmental integrity that could help the EU to formulate a target for the sector. These options are developed by applying criteria and indicators that...

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Emission Reduction Targets for International Aviation and Shipping

Year of publication: 11 / 2015

This study commissioned by the European Parliament provides an overview of potential CO2 mitigation targets for international aviation and maritime transport and analyses which targets would be compatible with the global long-term goal...

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Good Practice Study on GHG-Inventories for the Waste Sector in Non-Annex I Countries

Year of publication: 08 / 2015

The purpose of the study is to support the preparation of GHG inventories in the waste sector through the provision of examples of good practices. It is addressed at experts and practioners involved in the compilation of GHG inventories...

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Impacts on the EU 2030 climate target of including LULUCF in the climate and energy policy framework

Report prepared for Fern and IFOAM

Year of publication: 06 / 2015

The focus of this study is on the period 2021-2030. Emissions in this future period are estimated by using projections which make assumptions about the development of emission drivers and describe a future trajectory of how emissions...

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Enhanced flexibilities for the EU’s 2030 Effort Sharing Decision

Report prepared for Carbon Market Watch

Year of publication: 06 / 2015

The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) for the 2013-2020 period is a centerpiece of Europe’s climate legislation as it sets annual emission reduction targets for each Member State for the greenhouse gas emissions from the transport, building,...

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