Energy & Climate

Dr. Hannes Böttcher

Senior Researcher / Head of Biogenic Resources & Land Use subdivision

Special Expertise

  • Emissions from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)
  • Accounting rules for LULUCF and international climate policy
  • GHG balances of forest ecosystems and the forest sector
  • Land use modeling and projections of land use emissions
  • Biomass potentials from agriculture and forestry
  • Remote sensing of forests
  • System Dynamics Modelling

Selected Publications

  • Hennenberg, K. J.; Gebhardt, S.; Wimmer, F.; Distelkamp, M.; Lutz, Christian; Böttcher, H.; Schaldach, R. (2022): Germany’s Agricultural Land Footprint and the Impact of Import Pattern Allocation. Sustainability 14 (1), S. 105. DOI: 10.3390/su14010105.
  • Bringezu, S., Distelkamp, M., Lutz, C., Wimmer, F., Schaldach, R., Hennenberg, K., Böttcher, H., Egenolf, V. (2021) : Environmental and socioeconomic footprints of the German bioeconomy. Nat Sustain. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-021-00725-3.
  • Böttcher, H., Reise, J., Zell-Ziegler, C., Liste, V., Frelih-Larsen, A., Herb, I. (2021): Options for Strengthening Natural Carbon Sinks and Reducing Land Use Emissions in the EU. Working paper. Available at
  • Hennenberg, K., Böttcher, H., Reise, J., Bohn, F., Gutsch, M., Reyer, C. (2021): Interpretation des Klimaschutzgesetzes für die Waldbewirtschaftung verlangt adäquate Datenbasis - Reaktion auf die Stellungnahme des Wissenschaftlichen Beirats für Waldpolitik beim BMEL (vom 22.06.2021). Öko-Institut Working paper 3/2021. Available at
  • Hennenberg, K., Reise, J., Böttcher, H., Benndorf, A. (2021): Treibhausgasneutralität: Wie können natürliche Senken in Deutschland zur »grünen Null« beitragen? In: Lozán, J.L. S.-W. Breckle, H.Graßl & D.Kasang (Hrsg.) (2021): Warnsignal Klima: Boden & Landnutzung. Available at
  • Böttcher, Hannes; Liste, Victoria; Fyson, Claire (2021): Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap. Policy field forest protection. Umweltbundesamt (UBA). Dessau-Rosslau. Available at
  • Böttcher, H.; Reise, J.; Hennenberg, K. J. (2021): Exploratory analysis of an EU sink and restoration target. Working paper. Commissioned by Greenpeace Germany. Oeko-Institut. Berlin.  Available at
  • Böttcher, Hannes; Reise, Judith (2020): The climate impact of forest and land management in the EU and the role of current reporting and accounting rules. An investigation into the incentives provided by LULUCF reporting and accounting and their implications. Oeko-Institut. Berlin.  Available at
  • Böttcher, Hannes; Hennenberg, Klaus; Wiegmann, Kirsten; Scheffler, Margarethe; Wolff, Franziska; Hansen, Anja et al. (2020): Nexus Ressourceneffizienz und Landnutzung – Ansätze zur mehrdimensionalen umweltpolitischen Bewertung der Ressourceneffizienz bei der Biomassebereitstellung. FKZ 3715 31 103 0. Umweltbundesamt.  Available at
  • Böttcher, H.; Zell-Ziegler, C.; Herold, A.; Siemons, A. (2019): EU LULUCF Regulation explained. Summary of core provisions and expected effects. Oeko-Institut. Berlin. Available at
  • Romijn, Erika; Sy, Veronique de; Herold, Martin; Böttcher, Hannes; Roman-Cuesta, Rosa Maria; Fritz, Steffen et al. (2018): Independent data for transparent monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions from the land use sector – What do stakeholders think and need? Environmental Science & Policy 85, S. 101–112. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2018.03.016.
  • Herold, Anke; Böttcher, Hannes (2018): Accounting of the land-use sector in nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. Hg. v. G.I.Z. Oeko Institut. Oeko Institut.  Available at
  • Hennenberg, K. J.; Böttcher, H.; Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2018): Revised European Union renewable-energy policies erode nature protection. In: Nature ecology & evolution 2 (10), S. 1519–1520. DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0659-3.
  • Hennenberg, K. und Böttcher, H. (2018): Kurzstudie zur Prüfung der derzeitigen Anreizstruktur beim Einsatz von Holz zur energetischen Verwendung auf die Wirksamkeit hinsichtlich der Klima- und Nachhaltigkeitsziele, Öko-Institut e.V. Berlin, Darmstadt. Available at
  • Böttcher, H.; Hennenberg, K.; Winger, C. (2018): FABio-Waldmodell - Modellbeschreibung Version 0.54. Available at
  • Böttcher, H.; Hennenberg, K.; Winger, C. (2018): Waldvision Deutschland - Beschreibung von Methoden, Annahmen und Ergebnissen.
  • Olesen, A.; Böttcher, H.; Siemons, A.; Herrmann, L.; Martius, C.; Román-Cuesta, R.; Atmadja, S.; Hansen, D.; Andersen, S.; Georgiev, I.; Bager, S.; Schwöppe, C.; Wunder, S. (2018): Study on EU financing of REDD+ related activities, and results-based payments pre and post 2020. Sources, cost-effectiveness and fair allocation of incentives. Available at
  • Hennenberg, K.; Böttcher, H.; Fehrenbach, H. & Bischoff, M. (2017). Short analysis of the RED 2009, the iLUC Directive 2015 and the 2016 RED proposal regarding implications for nature protection. Available at.
  • Böttcher, H.; Herrmann, L.; Herold, M.; Romijn, E.; Román-Cuesta, R.; Avitabile, V.; de Sy, V.; Martius, C.; Gaveau, D.; Fritz, S.; Schepaschenko, D.; Dunwoody, A. (2017): Independent monitoring: Building trust and consensus around GHG data for increased accountability of mitigation in the land use sector Available at
  • Sy, V. de; Herold, M.; Martius, C.; Böttcher, H.; Fritz, S.; Gaveau, D.L.A. et al. (2016): Enhancing transparency in the land-use sector: Exploring the role of independent monitoring approaches: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
  • Pang, X.; Mörtberg, U.; Sallnäs, O.; Trubins, R.; Nordström, E.-M.; Böttcher, H. (2017). Habitat network assessment of forest bioenergy options using the landscape simulator LandSim – A case study of Kronoberg, southern Sweden. Ecological Modelling, 345, pp. 99–112. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.12.006.
  • Frank, S.; Böttcher, H.; Gusti, M.; Havlík, P.; Klaassen, G.; Kindermann, G.; Obersteiner, M. (2016). Dynamics of the land use, land use change, and forestry sink in the European Union: The impacts of energy and climate targets for 2030. Climatic Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1729-7.
  • Böttcher, H. & Graichen, J. (2016). Going beyond 40% - options to ensure LULUCF maintains the high environmental integrity of the EU climate and energy package. Berlin.
  • Forsell, N.; Korosuo, A.; Havlík, P.; Valin, H.; Lauri, P.; Gusti, M.; Kindermann, G.; Böttcher, H.; Hennenberg, K.; Hünecke, K.; Wiegmann, K.; Pekkanen, M.; Nuolivirta, P.; Bowyer, C.; Nanni, S.; Allen, B.; Poláková, J.; Fitzgerald, J. & Lindner, M. (2016). Study on impacts on resource efficiency of future EU demand for bioenergy - ReceBio Summary Report.
  • Frank, S.; Böttcher, H.; Gusti, M.; Havlík, P.; Klaassen, G.; Kindermann, G. & Obersteiner, M. (2016). Dynamics of the land use, land use change, and forestry sink in the European Union: The impacts of energy and climate targets for 2030. Climatic Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1729-7.
  • Böttcher, H. & Graichen, J. (2015). Impacts on the EU 2030 climate target of including LULUCF in the climate and energy policy framework. Berlin.
  • Repo, A.; Böttcher, H.; Kindermann, G. & Liski, J. (2015). Sustainability of forest bioenergy in Europe: Land-use-related carbon dioxide emissions of forest harvest residues. GCB Bioenergy, 7(4), pp. 877–887. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12179.
  • Smith, P.; Haberl, H.; Popp, A.; Erb, K.-H.; Lauk, C.; Harper, R.; Tubiello, F.; De Siqueira Pinto, Alexandre; Jafari, M.; Sohi, S.; Masera, O.; Böttcher, H.; Berndes, G.; Bustamante, M.; Ahammad, H.; Clark, H.; Dong, H.; Elsiddig, E.; Mbow, C.; Ravindranath, N.; Rice, C.; Robledo Abad, C.; Romanovskaya, A.; Sperling, F.; Herrero, M.; House, J. & Rose, S. (2013). How much land-based greenhouse gas mitigation can be achieved without compromising food security and environmental goals? Global change biology, 19(8), pp. 2285–2302. doi:10.1111/gcb.12160.
  • Roelfsema, Mark; Elzen, Michel Den; Höhne, Niklas; Hof, Andries; Braun, Nadine; Fekete, Hanna, Böttcher, Hannes (2013): Assessment of climate and energy policies of major emitting countries. In: Energy Policy. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.055.
  • Böttcher, H.; Frank, S.; Havlík, P. & Elbersen, B. (2013). Future GHG emissions more efficiently controlled by land-use policies than by bioenergy sustainability criteria. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, pp. 115–125. doi:10.1002/bbb.1369.
  • Frank, S.; Böttcher, H.; Havlík, P.; Valin, H.; Mosnier, A.; Obersteiner, M.; Schmid, E. & Elbersen, B. (2013). How effective are the sustainability criteria accompanying the European Union 2020 biofuel targets? GCB Bioenergy, 5(3), pp. 306–314. doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01188.x.
  • Böttcher, H.; Freibauer, A.; Scholz, Y.; Gitz, V.; Ciais, P.; Mund, M.; Wutzler, T. & Schulze, E.-D. (2012). Setting priorities for land management to mitigate climate change. Carbon Balance and Management, 7(5), p.5. doi:10.1186/1750-0680-7-5.
  • Böttcher, H.; Verkerk, P.; Gusti, M.; Havlik, P. & Grassi, G. (2012). Projection of the future EU forest CO2 sink as affected by recent bioenergy policies using two advanced forest management models. GCB Bioenergy, 4(6), pp. 773–783. doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01152.x.
  • Obersteiner, M.; Böttcher, H. & Yamagata, Y. (2010). Terrestrial ecosystem management for climate change mitigation. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2(4), pp. 271–276. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2010.05.006.
  • Obersteiner M, Rametsteiner E, Kraxner F, McCallum I, Aoki K, Bottcher H, Fritz S, Gusti M, Havlik P, Kindermann G, Reyers B (2010). Towards a sound REDD. In: Deforestation and Climate Change: Reducing Carbon Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, V. Bosetti, R. Lubowski (eds), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp.121-136.
  • Böttcher, H.; Eisbrenner, K.; Fritz, S.; Kindermann, G.; Kraxner, F.; McCallum, I. & Obersteiner, M. (2009). An assessment of monitoring requirements and costs of 'Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation'. Carbon Balance and Management, 4(1), p.7. doi:10.1186/1750-0680-4-7 (highly accessed).
  • Obersteiner, M.; Huettner, M.; Kraxner, F.; McCallum, I.; Aoki, K.; Bottcher, H.; Fritz, S.; Gusti, M.; Havlik, P.; Kindermann, G.; Rametsteiner, E. & Reyers, B. (2009). On fair, effective and efficient REDD mechanism design. Carbon Balance and Management, 4, p.11. doi:10.1186/1750-0680-4-11 (highly accessed).
  • Böttcher, H.; Freibauer, A.; Obersteiner, M. & Schulze, E.-D. (2008). Uncertainty analysis of climate change mitigation options in the forestry sector using a generic carbon budget model. Ecological Modelling, 213(1), pp. 45–62. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.11.007.
  • Böttcher, H.; Kurz, W. & Freibauer, A. (2008). Accounting of forest carbon sinks and sources under a future climate protocol-factoring out past disturbance and management effects on age-class structure. Environmental Science & Policy, 11(8), pp. 669–686. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2008.08.005.
  • Böttcher, H. (2008): Forest Management for Climate Change Mitigation. Modeling of Forestry Options, their Impact on the Regional Carbon Balance and Implications for a Future Climate Protocol. Doctoral thesis (engl.), Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg.

Professional Training and Career

  • Since 10/2013 Senior Researcher at Öko-Institut, Division Energy & Climate, Berlin
  • 01/2007-09/2013 Research Scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Ecosystem Services and Management Program, Laxenburg, Austria
  • 11/2007 PhD in Forest sciences (Dr. rer. nat.) from University of Freiburg, Germany
  • 10/2003-12/2006 Researcher and PhD student at Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • 10/2003 MSc. in Forest sciences and Ecology from University of Göttingen, Germany

Language Skills

  • German: mother tongue
  • English: fluent
  • Estonian: fluent
  • French: Good understanding of spoken and written content
  • Russian: Basic knowledge


Dr. Hannes Böttcher