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Advancing REACH - REACH and substitution

Final report

authors: Bunke, D. | Löw, C. | Moch, K. | Reihlen, A. | Reineke, N.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Enhancing substitution of substances of concern with less hazardous alternatives will remain a key challenge for chemicals management in the coming years and is a central aim of REACH. This study analyses the support of substitution,…

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Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap - Policy field synthetic e-fuels

authors: Cames, M. | Böttcher, H. | Fuentes Hutfilter, U. | Wilson, R.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement requires increased global climate action, especially towards the production and use of synthetic e-fuels. This paper focuses on aviation and maritime transport and the role of green hydrogen for…

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Towards a More Realistic Cost–Benefit Analysis

Attempting to Integrate Transaction Costs and Energy Efficiency Services

authors: Adisorn, T. | Tholen, L. | Thema, J. | Lütkehaus, H. | Braungardt, S. | Hünecke, K. | Schumacher, K.
Year of publication: 12 / 2020

In order to calculate the financial return of energy efficiency measures, a cost–benefit analysis (CBA) is a proven tool for investors. Generally, however, most CBAs for investors have a narrow focus, which is — simply speaking — on…

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ETC/CME Report 3/2020

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2020

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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Wanted: A New 2030 Climate Target for the EU

An analysis of key choices for the ambition and scope of a 2030 target

Year of publication: 12 / 2020

In November 2019, the European Commission announced a European Green Deal to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. EU legislators endorsed this goal but are still grappling with a new 2030 target. On 11 December 2020, heads of state agreed…

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EEA Report No 13/2020

Trends and projections in Europe 2020

authors: Förster, H. | Gores, S. | Nissen, C. | Siemons, A. | Renders, N. | Dael, S. | Sporer, M. | Tomescu, M.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Tracking progress towards Europe’s climate and energy targets. The annual ‘Trends and projections’ report provides an assessment of the progress of the EU and European countries towards their climate mitigation and energy targets. It is…

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CDM supply potential for emission reductions up to the end of 2020

authors: Ishikawa, T. | Yamasaki, S. | Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Warnecke, C. | Hemmi, T. | Yamaguchi, K. | Takahashi, K.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

The transition of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) issued under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for use by Parties towards their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is a key outstanding issue for Article 6 negotiations…

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Waste tyre management

Baseline study for Ghana

authors: Arthur, E. | Dorfiah, P. | Hilbert, I. | Nartey Kyere, V. | Kwesi Ocran, P. | Atiemo, S. | Manhart, A. | Nyaaba, L.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

This report was produced within the second phase of the Ghanaian part of the programme on Sustainable Recycling Industries (SRI). The report contains an overview of environmentally sound management options for waste tyres, the current…

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Producer responsibility of third-country producers in e-commerce

Final report

authors: Hermann, A. | Gailhofer, P. | Gsell, M. | Kampffmeyer, N. | Schomerus, T.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

In order to enforce producer responsibility under waste law against producers of electrical and electronic equipment, batteries and packaging from countries outside the EU, so-called third countries, a new study recommends adding two new…

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