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Options for Strengthening Natural Carbon Sinks and Reducing Land Use Emissions in the EU

Working paper

authors: Böttcher, H. | Reise, J. | Zell-Ziegler, C. | Liste, V. | Frelih-Larsen, A. | Herb, I.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

This report provides an overview and assessment of seven options for sink enhancement and reduction of emissions in the EU land use sector and is targeted towards policymakers and EU policy stakeholder groups.

The publication has…

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Optimal supply chains and power sector benefits of green hydrogen

authors: Stöckl, F. | Schill, W. | Zerrahn, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

Green hydrogen can help to decarbonize parts of the transportation sector, but its power sector interactions are not well understood so far. It may contribute to integrating variable renewable energy sources if production is sufficiently…

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An open tool for creating battery-electric vehicle time series from empirical data, emobpy

authors: Gaete-Morales, C. | Kramer, H. | Schill, W. | Zerrahn, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

There is substantial research interest in how future fleets of battery-electric vehicles will interact with the power sector. Various types of energy models are used for respective analyses. they depend on meaningful input parameters, in…

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NDC Design

Systematic analysis

authors: de Villafranca Casas, M. | Höhne, N. | Mooldijk, S. | Smit, S. | Weishaupt, M. | Moosmann, L. | Siemons, A. | Fallasch, F.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

The Paris Agreement on climate change includes a five-year cycle to increase ambition for reaching the goals of the Paris Agreement. Part of this cycle is the submission of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which detail the…

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Integration of maritime transport in the EU Emissions Trading System

authors: Wissner, N. | Cames, M. | Defour, S. | Abbasov, F. | Armstrong, J.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

Maritime transport contributes 2-3% to global greenhouse gas emissions. It is, nevertheless, the only sector which is not yet subject to greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets and policies in the European Union (EU). It is imperative…

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Technical assistance for assessing options to establish an EU-wide green label with a view to promote the use of renewable energy coming from new installations

Final report under framework contract MOVE/ENER/SRD/498-2016 Lot 3

authors: Korteweg, L. | Stojanovic, T. | Schmidt, P. | Rademaekers, K. | Altmann, M. | Bürger, V. | Zerta, M. | Gleiter, T. | Wingenbach, M. | Dieroff, J. | Hennenberg, K. | Seebach, D. | Timpe, C. | Hermann, A. | Yearwood, J. | Smit, T.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

This report defines and assesses options to establish an EU-wide green label with a view to promote the use of renewable energy coming from new installations as required by Art. 19 (13) of the Renewable Energy Directive recast (EU)…

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Nature-based solutions for climate protection: market-based instruments to support climate-friendly soil use

Project manager: Siemons, A. | Schneider, L.
Start of project: 06 / 2021

Soils play a special role in climate protection: Soils store more carbon than all vegetation and the atmosphere combined and act as a sink for greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the use of soils has other environmental impacts on,…

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Ammonia as a marine fuel

Risks and perspectives

authors: Cames, M. | Wissner, N. | Sutter, J.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

The decarbonization of the shipping sectorultimatelyrequiresthe switch to alternative post-fossil fuels. Ammonia has recently received increasing attention as a potential marine fuelthat could drive thisdecarbonization.In the context of…

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Impact of COVID-19 on single-use plastics and the environment in Europe

authors: Graulich, K. | Köhler, A. | Löw, C. | Sutter, J. | Watson, D. | Mehlhart, G. | Egebæk, K. | Bilsen, V. | Bley, F. | Manshoven, S. | Xhelili, A. | Mortensen, L. | Lippert Tange, I.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

This ETC/WMGE report provides the detailed analysis underpinning the EEA Briefing “Impacts of COVID-19 on single-use plastic in Europe’s environment”.

The COVID19 pandemic is having immense effects on societies across the world. Apart…

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Ecological Steering with Value-Added Tax and Taxes on Consumption

FFU-Report 02-2021

authors: Postpischil, R. | Jacob, K. | Bär, H. | Siemons, A. | Keimeyer, F. | Schumacher, K.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

The focus in this policy paper is on environment-related taxes that address the level of consumption. Various arguments are made in favor of the introduction of such consumption-based taxes.

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Green technologies and critical raw materials

Strategies for a circular economy

Year of publication: 06 / 2021

This policy paper has been commissioned by Henrike Hahn, Member of the European Parliament from the Greens / EFA to support her legislative activities on the European strategy for critical raw materials.

It aims at answering key…

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Environmental and socioeconomic footprints of the German bioeconomy

authors: Bringezu, S. | Distelkamp, M. | Lutz, C. | Wimmer, F. | Schaldach, R. | Hennenberg, K. | Böttcher, H. | Egenolf, V.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

Hoping to support sustainability, countries have established policies to foster the bioeconomy (BE), based on the use of biomass and knowledge on biological principles. However, appropriate monitoring is still lacking. We estimate global…

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Innovative climate protection in private households: Offsetting the additional electricity demand of e-mobility through the expansion of renewable energies and energy efficiency (E-Mob EE)

Project manager: Graulich, K.
Start of project: 06 / 2021

The project aims at ideally achieving carbon neutrality for the additional electricity demand that arises from the purchase of new electric vehicles in households. To this end, advisory services for buyers of electric vehicles are…

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The role of Artificial Intelligence in the European Green Deal

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be deployed for a wide range of applications to promote the goals of the European Green Deal. However, adverse environmental impacts of AI could jeopardise the attainment of these goals. The report…

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Closing the Loop on Energy Access in Africa

White Paper

authors: Angliviel, S. | Betz, J. | Manhart, A. | Sahni, A. | Soomro, S.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Access to clean, reliable electricity is one of the greatest challenges to sustainable development in Africa. Energy storage, particularly batteries, will be critical to supporting Africa’s progress to full energy access by 2030,…

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Analysis of options for determining OMGE, SOP and Transition within Article 6

Implications of policy decisions for international crediting under the Paris Agreement

authors: Fearnehough, H. | Schneider, L. | Fyson, C. | Warnecke, C. | Qui, K. | Gidden, M.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

This report explores three key unresolved issues in international negotations on the rules for international carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: achieving an overall mitigation in global emissions (OMGE), collecting a…

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