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Energy Vulnerability and Energy Poverty: Experience and Approaches in the EU

Working Paper 9/2021

authors: Cludius, J. | Noka, V.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

The energy transition represents both an opportunity and a challenge for the European Union (EU). Analysis shows that an absolute energy-related household expenses could rise until 2030 after which the share of energy-related expenses as…

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Sustainability dimensions of imported hydrogen

Working Paper 8/2021

authors: Heinemann, C. | Mendelevitch, R. | Herold, A. | Jakob, M. | Kampffmeyer, N. | Kasten, P. | Krieger, S. | Schleicher, T. | Seebach, D.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

To achieve the climate neutrality target in Germany for 2045, large quantities of hydrogen will have to be imported from regions outside the EU. This report analyses the expected far-reaching and multi-layered impacts on importing…

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Sustainable consumption for biodiversity and ecosystem services

Current state and future requirements in information, communication and international cooperation

authors: Teufel, J. | López Hernández, V. | Polanía Giese, J. | Knörzer, U.
Year of publication: 12 / 2021

Prevailing consumption patterns are coupled to a rapid  destruction of natural and near-natural ecosystems and  the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Currently, a comprehensive overview of existing policy recommendations and…

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Advancing multilateral cooperation on climate action

Ideas for new initiatives across four policy areas and how to use existing international venues as stepping stones

authors: Haase, I. | Duwe, M. | Böttcher, H. | Cames, M. | Fyson, C. | Ramalope, D.
Year of publication: 11 / 2021

Multilateral initiatives and cooperation can be effective means to increase ambition and action to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. This synthesis report summarizes the proposals for new initiatives in four policy fields –…

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Social justice in the context of climate and environmental policy: Systematising the variety of social aspects, inequalities and justice principles

Working Paper 5/2021

author: Heyen, D.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

The paper aims to reveal and systematise the variety of social (justice) aspects in the context of climate or environmental policy and sustainability transitions, with a focus on distributive aspects and with regard to four sub-issues:

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Sustainability at risk

A critical analysis of the EU Joint Research Centre technical assessment of nuclear energy with respect to the "do no significant harm" criteria of the EU Taxonomy Regulation

authors: Pistner, C. | Englert, M. | Wealer, B.
Year of publication: 09 / 2021

The findings of this joint policy brief challenge the flawed underlying assumptions of the original EU Joint Research Centre (JRC)’s assessment, published in April 2021, which concluded that nuclear energy is detrimental neither to…

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Attribution: A practical guide to navigating the blending of climate finance and carbon markets

Final Report September 2021

authors: Spalding-Fecher, R. | Kohli, A. | Fallasch, F. | Brown, P. | Füssler, J. | Broekhoff, J. | Schneider, L.
Year of publication: 09 / 2021

Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement will require an unprecedented scale of financing for low-carbon and climate-resilient development. This poses a particular challenge to developing countries. The current financial flows from…

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Advanced nuclear fuel cylces and nuclear waste disposal

authors: Frieß, F. | Englert, M. | Pistner, C. | Liebert, W.
Year of publication: 09 / 2021

Proceedings of the INMM & ESARDA Joint Virtual Annual Meeting August 23-26  &  August 30-September 1, 2021.

Extracting transuranic elements from nuclear waste (partitioning - P) to burn them in dedicated nuclear reactors (transmutation -…

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Addressing the Effect of Social Acceptance on the Distribution of Wind Energy Plants and the Transmission Grid in Germany

Year of publication: 08 / 2021

Social acceptance is increasingly becoming a limiting factor in implementing the energy transition in Germany. From today’s perspective, the expansion of wind energy and future transmission grids is only somewhat a technical or economic…

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E-fuels versus DACCS

Total costs of electro-fuels and direct air captureand carbon storage while taking into account directandupstream emissions and environmental risks

Year of publication: 08 / 2021

Study on behalf of Transport & Environment (T&E)

For defossilizing European aviation,synthetic fuels or electro fuels (e-fuels) might play a pivotal role in the longterm.The UK’s Committee on Climate Change, however, suggests that…

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Optimal supply chains and power sector benefits of green hydrogen

authors: Stöckl, F. | Schill, W. | Zerrahn, A.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

Green hydrogen can help to decarbonize parts of the transportation sector, but its power sector interactions are not well understood so far. It may contribute to integrating variable renewable energy sources if production is sufficiently…

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NDC Design

Systematic analysis

authors: de Villafranca Casas, M. | Höhne, N. | Mooldijk, S. | Smit, S. | Weishaupt, M. | Moosmann, L. | Siemons, A. | Fallasch, F.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

The Paris Agreement on climate change includes a five-year cycle to increase ambition for reaching the goals of the Paris Agreement. Part of this cycle is the submission of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which detail the…

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Resource consumption of the passenger vehicle sector in Germany until 2035 – the impact of different drive systems

Study on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

authors: Betz, J. | Buchert, M. | Dolega, P. | Bulach, W.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The annual crude oil demand for passenger cars in Germany can be reduced by 56 percent by 2035 compared to 2020 if the share of electric passenger cars in German registrations rises to 100 percent until then. These savings significantly…

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Structural Supply Side Management in EU ETS

Reviewing the Market Stability Reserve

authors: Zaklan, A. | Graichen, J. | Graichen, V. | Hermann, H. | Cludius, J.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The review of the market stability reserve (MSR) is one of the key elements of the forthcoming reform of the EU ETS. This report assesses if the MSR is designed in a way that it can fulfil its pur-pose to provide sufficient supply-side…

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Options for regulating the climate impacts of aviation

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Aviation is the most environmentally-damaging mode of transport and contributes substantially to global warming. At the same time, aviation enjoys numerous privileges compared to other modes of transport. Kerosene is exempt from the…

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Raising the climate policy ambition of the European Union

Reforming the EU Emissions Trading System

authors: Matthes, F. | Cook, V.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

The report “Raising the Climate Policy Ambition of the European Union. Reforming the EU Emissions Trading System” analyses the impacts of the different options for the revised ETS and market stability reserve (MSR), based around the…

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Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap – Policy field forest protection

authors: Böttcher, H. | Liste, V. | Fyson, C.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement requires increased global climate action, especially reduced deforestation and restoration of forests to protect and rebuild ecosystems carbon stocks. Based on a sound analysis of existing…

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Options for multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap - Policy field Sustainable Food Systems

authors: Wunder, S. | Scheffler, M. | Wiegmann, K.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement requires increased global climate action for sustainable food systems, especially a reduction of food loss and waste and dietary shifts towards plant-based diets. Based on a sound analysis of…

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Methodology and criteria for assessing multilateral initiatives to close the global 2030 climate ambition and action gap

Background Paper

authors: Böttcher, H. | Cames, M.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

Staying within the limit of the Paris Agreement of 1.5 °C global warming requires closing the global 2030 ambition and action gap arising from insufficient current policies and contributions. This background paper documents the…

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State of Play and Roadmap Concept: Mobility Sector

RE-SOURCING Deliverable 4.2

authors: Betz, J. | Degreif, S. | Dolega, P.
Year of publication: 04 / 2021

Meeting the Paris Agreement’s goals requires transformation in the mobility sector. Battery electric vehicle technology today offers a promising technology to  achieve the necessary changes and transform the sector. Yet this…

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