Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E)

The CLEAN-E project accompanied the establishment of new and the improvement of existing green power product labels in selected EU Member States. The establishment of new labels was accompanied by a wide range of activities. This included the development of ecological minimum standards for the two key renewable technologies hydropower and biomass. The project also investigated the feasibility of widening the scope of green power labelling towards the integration of energy efficiency as well as renewable heat. CLEAN-E analysed the interface of green power labels with RES related policies on the national and the EU level including the Guarantee of Origin for renewable electricity and Electricity Disclosure.

CLEAN-E reports

CLEAN-E: Final Project Report

This final report summarises 2 years of CLEAN-E activities and highlights our biggest achievements.

Download the report...

Report: Overview of existing green power labelling schemes

Legislation regulating public support for renewables is an important factor shaping the design of green power labels. This is one of the conclusions of the report ‘Overview of green power labelling schemes’, drafted within the Clean-E project supported by the European Commission.

"Download the report..."[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 1 Report (D1) final.pdf]

Report: Development of ecological standards for hydropower

Hydropower is a key source for renewable electricity generation and due to its widespread use in many European countries, it has an important potential to be marketed as green power, i.e. as an environmentally sound form of power supply.

While offering ecological advantages from a global perspective, the construction and operation of hydropower plants may cause quite severe environmental impacts at the local and regional level. These impacts include the extinction of fish populations, a loss of aquatic habitats, a fundamental change of natural flow regimes, sinking groundwater levels or a deterioration of landscapes. Selling hydropower as green electricity therefore requires a thorough evaluation of the benefits on the global scale and the shortcomings at the local-regional level.

The aim of this report is to make the scientific knowledge and the practical experiences with the assessment of hydropower in Switzerland generally available. The idea is to facilitate the transfer of the greenhydro standard to green electricity labelling schemes in other countries.

"Download the report..."[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 2.1 Report (D2) final2.pdf]

Report: Hydropower: German Case Study

A transfer of the greenhydro standard from Switzerland to other European countries has the potential to improve the ecological situation of many existing hydropower plants and to facilitate the cross-border trade of green electricity that is of comparable ecological quality. This report presents the results from a feasibility study for Germany.

"Download the report..."[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 2.1 report (D3) final.pdf]

Biomass Reports:

Biomass is becoming a key source of renewable energy but may create additional environmental pressures. The increased biomass use for energy purposes should go hand in hand with the conservation of biodiversity and local environment. The optimisation of all steps, from biomass cultivation or collection over transport, processing and use may contribute to maximise greenhouse gas emissions reductions while reducing emissions affecting air quality and safeguarding the environment.

"Report 1: Development of ecological standards for biomass"[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 2.2 Report (D4) final2.pdf]

This report discusses possible common standards and guidelines for biomass-based green electricity, which are acceptable to a wide range of stakeholders.

In this context the report provides support at three levels:

  • for the further development of the biomass criteria applied in the context of the Eugene Standard,
  • for the development of biomass criteria in the course of the establishment of new national green electricity labels,
  • for the possible certification of biomass.

"Report 2: Evaluation report on the experiences with the pilot application of biomass standards"[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 2.2 Report (D5) final2.pdf]

This report is complementing report 1. Its purposes is to evaluate the practicability of the biomass criteria that were proposed in the above mentioned report and further operationalize the biomass criteria.

Report: Options for the integration of energy end-use efficiency and energy services into green power products and labels

Since the cleanest kilowatt-hour of energy is the kilowatt-hour that does not have to be produced, green power labels could integrate energy efficiency investments. A recent Clean-E report gives recommendations on how to integrate energy efficiency into green power quality labelling schemes. It even shows the first tentative integration.

"Download the report..."[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 3.1 report (D6) final.pdf]

Report: Integration of measures in the field of RES-H/C into the scope of green power labels

Green power labels may consider the integration of the support for renewable heating and cooling, thus helping to boost renewables also in this important sector. This could be done by allowing suppliers of green power products to create environmental benefits by investing revenues from the sale of green electricity into measures in the renewable heating and cooling sector. A recent report from the CLEAN-E project, supported by the European Commission, describes the possibilities.

"Download the report..."[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 3.2 report (D7) final.pdf]

Report: Interaction of Green Power Labelling with Renewable Energy Policies

Green power labels assist consumers to verify the ecological performance of green products. National labelling programmes are therefore important and powerful instruments to strengthen consumer confidence in the voluntary green electricity market.

The CLEAN-E project is aimed at the establishment of new and the improvement of existing green electricity product labels in selected EU Member States. The minimum standard for green electricity labelling schemes set up by the non-profit organisation Eugene (European Green Electricity Network) serves as the major point of orientation throughout the project.

This report in particular provides a detailed discussion of the interactions between green electricity quality labels and the range of support mechanisms and other policies affecting renewable energy on national as on EU level, including the Guarantee of Origin for renewable electricity and Electricity Disclosure.

"Download the report..."[www.oeko.de/pdf/clean-e/CLEAN-E WP 5 Report (D12) final.pdf]