Given the great challenge of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions arising from passenger and freight transport, it is especially important to show today what transport options can be drawn upon to fulfil the goals of sustainable development and of an energy and climate policy that is fit for the future.
The necessary reduction of emissions is especially challenging in this sector because individual mobility needs still have to be met and the freight transported and because of the dependency on fossil fuels up to now. At the same time the improved efficiency of vehicles in recent years has been overcompensated by an increase in the volume of kilometres travelled, with the result that Germany’s transport emissions are currently approx. two per cent above 1990 levels.
Oeko-Institut is working on a broad spectrum of issues with the aim of identifying solutions for sustainable development in the transport sector. These include:
Climate protection scenarios for the transport sector up to 2030/2050
Electric mobility and alternative propulsion systems
Biofuels and alternative fuels (e.g. power-to-gas and power-to-liquid)
Local public transport
Effects of policy measures in the transport sector
Alternative mobility concepts like car-sharing
Leisure and tourism transport and possibilities for reducing the transport demand of major sporting events
Sustainable transport infrastructure