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Results of the KJWA – Options for outcomes to be included in the report back to the UNFCCC and further use

Background paper

authors: Siemons, A. | Urrutia, C.
Year of publication: 10 / 2021

This paper provides an overview of the outcomes of each of the six workshops that have been carried out under the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) under the UNFCCC and identifies potential elements that could be included as…

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NDC Design

Systematic analysis

authors: de Villafranca Casas, M. | Höhne, N. | Mooldijk, S. | Smit, S. | Weishaupt, M. | Moosmann, L. | Siemons, A. | Fallasch, F.
Year of publication: 07 / 2021

The Paris Agreement on climate change includes a five-year cycle to increase ambition for reaching the goals of the Paris Agreement. Part of this cycle is the submission of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which detail the…

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Ecological Steering with Value-Added Tax and Taxes on Consumption

FFU-Report 02-2021

authors: Postpischil, R. | Jacob, K. | Bär, H. | Siemons, A. | Keimeyer, F. | Schumacher, K.
Year of publication: 06 / 2021

The focus in this policy paper is on environment-related taxes that address the level of consumption. Various arguments are made in favor of the introduction of such consumption-based taxes.

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Options for regulating the climate impacts of aviation

Year of publication: 05 / 2021

Aviation is the most environmentally-damaging mode of transport and contributes substantially to global warming. At the same time, aviation enjoys numerous privileges compared to other modes of transport. Kerosene is exempt from the…

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The Challenges of Assessing “Collective Progress”

Design Options for an effective Global Stocktake process under the UNFCCC

authors: Jeffery, L. | Siemons, A. | Förster, H. | Nissen, C. | Kreibich, N. | Hermwille, L.
Year of publication: 05 / 2021

The Paris Agreement combines collective goals with individual countries’ contributions. This hybrid approach does not guarantee that the individual contributions add up to what is required to meet the collective goals. The Paris…

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Averaging or multi-year accounting?

Implications for environmental integrity of carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

authors: Schneider, L. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 01 / 2021

Single-year targets present considerable challenges if countries use international carbon markets to achieve their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. This paper assesses the environmental integrity…

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EEA Report No 13/2020

Trends and projections in Europe 2020

authors: Förster, H. | Gores, S. | Nissen, C. | Siemons, A. | Renders, N. | Dael, S. | Sporer, M. | Tomescu, M.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Tracking progress towards Europe’s climate and energy targets. The annual ‘Trends and projections’ report provides an assessment of the progress of the EU and European countries towards their climate mitigation and energy targets. It is…

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Overview of climate finance flows in the agricultural sector

Background paper

authors: Fallasch, F. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

Achieving the socio-economic transformation towards greenhouse gas neutrality in the second half of this century, as agreed in the Paris Agreement, requires an unprecedented effort to realign public and private investments across all…

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Climate action and agriculture in international processes and options for future work outside UNFCCC

Background paper

authors: Urrutia, C. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 11 / 2020

This paper explores possible alternatives for multilateral processes to address agriculture and climate change outside of the UNFCCC and its Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA). It assesses whether other multilateral processes,…

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Options for outcomes on the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture at COP26 and future work on agriculture under the UNFCCC

Background paper

authors: Urrutia, C. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 10 / 2020

The agricultural sector has been integral to the multilateral climate change process since the beginning, with explicit references in the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. Technical discussions on agriculture under SBSTA have taken…

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Turning points for the ambition of European climate targets

Getting granular on the process and identifying cornerstones for discussion

authors: Gores, S. | Fallasch, F. | Siemons, A. | Nissen, C. | Duwe, M. | Evans, N.
Year of publication: 06 / 2020

Climate policy in the European Union (EU) is undergoing a paradigm shift. At the time of writing, policy-makers are debating changes in targets, governance and instruments to fit (better) with the newly established overarching objective…

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ETC/CME Report 3/2019

Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2019

Year of publication: 12 / 2019

This report provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission and Member States. It also…

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Tackling the Challenges of Assessing Collective Progress for an Effective Global Stocktake

Executive Summary

authors: Jeffery, L. | Siemons, A. | Förster, H. | Hermwille, L.
Year of publication: 11 / 2019

The Paris Agreement combines collective goals with individual countries’ contributions. This hybrid approach does not guarantee that the individual contributions add up to what is required to meet the collective goals.

The Paris…

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Lessons learned from the first round of applications by carbon-offsetting programs for eligibility under CORSIA

authors: Schneider, L. | Michaelowa, A. | Broekhoff, D. | Espelage, A. | Siemons, A.
Year of publication: 10 / 2019

In 2016, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). The scheme requires participating airline operators to purchase carbon offset credits…

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EU Environment and Climate Change Policies

State of play, current and future challenges

Year of publication: 09 / 2019

This study reviews the state of play of on environmental and climate legislation in the EU and pinpoints key challenges for the next five years. Part 1 of this study summarizes the status of EU legislation, major EU targets and…

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EU LULUCF Regulation explained

Summary of core provisions and expected effects

Year of publication: 06 / 2019

This paper aims to provide an overview of the Regulation (EU) 2018/841 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework (LULUCF Regulation,…

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Catalyzing mitigation ambition under the Paris Agreement: elements for an effective Global Stocktake

authors: Hermwille, L. | Siemons, A. | Förster, H. | Jeffery, L.
Year of publication: 06 / 2019

The Global Stocktake (GST) takes a central role within the architecture of the Paris Agreement, with many hoping that it will become a catalyst for increased mitigation ambition. This paper outlines four governance functions for an ideal…

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Study on EU financing of REDD+ related activities, and results-based payments pre and post 2020

Sources, cost-effectiveness and fair allocation of incentives

authors: Olesen, A. | Böttcher, H. | Siemons, A. | Herrmann, L. | Martius, C. | Román-Cuesta, R. | Atmadja, S. | Hansen, D. | Andersen, S. | Georgiev, I. | Bager, S. | Schwöppe, C. | Wunder, S.
Year of publication: 09 / 2018

This study provides an assessment of major public, institutional and private flows of direct and indirect REDD+ finance to 41 recipient countries, as well as their capacity to implement REDD+. It aims to support decisions that can…

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Is it possible to track progress of the submitted nationally determined contributions under the Paris Agreement?

Overview of implicit accounting decisions in submitted NDCs and implications for the tracking of progress under the Paris agreement

authors: Herold, A. | Siemons, A. | Herrmann, L.
Year of publication: 03 / 2018

This paper analyses whether the information contained in the nationally determined contributions (NDC) submissions is transparent and sufficient to track progress with the mitigation targets expressed in the NDCs and summarizes the…

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EEA Report No 17/2017

Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets

authors: Barbu, A. | Dejean, F. | Sporer, M. | Tomescu, M. | Förster, H. | Siemons, A. | Böttcher, H. | Gores, S. | Pupo Nogueira de Oliveira, L.
Year of publication: 10 / 2017

The 2017 edition of the annual European Environment Agency (EEA) report, Trends and projections in Europe, provides an updated assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards their climate…

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